Category Archives: Renewable Energy

Kenya: The Nuclear Centre’s Compliments to KCDN

From: odhiambo okecth

Dear Dave,

We also much appreciate the work you and your Team are doing at The Nuclear Centre in Nairobi- I hope I have it right.

Sure, we need the various raw inputs to generate the various forms of energy, and we at KCDN have started the process. We are mobilizing all the key players, all people who can add value to the Waste Revolution in Kenya.

We did pay a Courtesy Call on The Centre for Research on New and Renewable Energy and we are impressed with the wealth of Knowledge at the Centre. This wealth of knowledge must now move from Paper to Practice, and that is our point of entry as The Monthly Nationwide Clean-up Campaign.

We are looking forward to also paying a Courtesy Call on you and the Nuclear Centre to enable us share in our experiences.

Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we’ve been waiting for. We are the change we seek’- President Barack Obama of the USA. ??A Clean, Green and Litter Less Kenya at 50 is possible and achievable.

Odhiambo T Oketch
National Coordinator- The Monthly Nationwide Clean-up Campaign
Tel; 0724 365 557
Facebook; Monthly Nationwide Clean up Campaign
Facebook; Odhiambo T Oketch

Odhiambo T Oketch is the immediate former Chairman to the City Council of  Nairobi  Stakeholders Evaluation Team on Performance Contracting and Rapid Results Management. He is also Chair to the Nyamonye Catholic Church Development Fund. He was also the Co-Chair and Coordinator of The Great Nairobi Walk against Corruption that was held in Nairobi on the 22nd October 2010 in partnership with KACC and he is the National Co-ordinator of The Monthly Nationwide Clean-up Campaign in Kenya.
                         …….Moving From Talking to Tasking……..

— On Fri, 3/16/12, David wrote:

From: David
Subject: Moving from Paper to Practice; Kondele Clean up Campaign
Date: Friday, March 16, 2012, 7:24 AM

Odhiambo,??Say hi to my Prof. F. N. Onyango who taught me Physics in my undergraduate years. Just came from Kilifi where a sisal farmer has added dairy farming. He has taken cow dung mix it with sisal liquid and bang you have a bio-digester. He currently produces enough gas (methane) to cook for himself and farm hands, produce 180 kW of electricity from 2 engines (the only item imported) and if Kilifi town plus KPLC were willing he can supply the town with electricity. This is good and hard work which make me salute you, all who you are working with…. ??We need all the energy mix possible. Now we have hydro, geothermal and diesel. Let us add biomass, nuclear, wind, solar, coal etc.??When in need of rest…good rest,,,go to Luanda where yours truly was born and look for Big Ben, Teachers, Uncle Sam or Pumzika and just remember when the rubber hits the road sparks fly. ??


— odhiambo okecth wrote:


??We had a meeting with the Centre for Research on New and Renewable Energy at Maseno University Kisumu Campus this morning at 9.00am to discuss the need for moving from Paper to Practice as a Nation in as far as waste management and conversion is concerned.??The meeting was chaired by Prof Frederick Onyango- the Director of the Centre and he was accompanied by;?Prof Reccab Manyala- the Deputy DirectorProf Okinda OwuorDr. Raphael KapiyoDr Alfred ManyongeMr. Charles Olang’oMr. Fredrick OtienoMr. Obange Nelson and?Mr. Phillip Lunya- all from Maseno University.I was accompanied by;Mr. David Olang’oMr. Paul Diela and ?Ms Eysdorah Lavine Nyagengo all of KCDN?

We looked at the prospects of waste management and conversion to water for irrigation, manure and gas. We will make a follow up on this and create a strong partnership on the same.?

Later at 11.00am, we joined a bigger team of Kisumu Environmental Campaigners and were really impressed with the turn out for the Kondele Clean-up Campaign tomorrow.This groups are forming themselves into a standing committee that will drive The Monthly Nationwide Clean up Campaign in Kisumu every Month. ??The following groups were in attendance in the meeting; The City Council of Kisumu The Provincial Administration The CBO NetworkUmande Trust?Kondele UnionManyatta Solid WasteManyatta Residents AssociationKololeni GroupKilo Health ActorsSRDC OrganizationMungaano Ya Wana VijijiBamato ProgrammeMaseno UniversityKisumu PolytechnicManyatta Development GroupKiwamaJokanyallaShepherds Rock Community DevelopmentPaulosa Cleaning ServicesGasiapoa Waste Management Services and?KCDNThis meeting was ably guided by the Director of Environment at the City Council of Kisumu Mr. John Sande and Chaired by Mr. Ben McAlaka from Umande Trust. We were also joined by Mr. Paul Diela all the way from Homa Bay, who wanted to come and see for himself how we organize the Clean-up Campaigns and Mobilizations.?We are set for tomorrow and watu wa Kisumu Mkoooo???Change will not?come if we wait for some?other person or some?other time. We are the?ones we’ve been waiting?for. We are the change?we seek’- President?Barack Obama of the USA.??A Clean, Green?and Litter Less Kenya at?50 is possible and?achievable.?

Odhiambo T Oketch??CEO KCDN Kenya,??National Coordinator- The Monthly?Nationwide Clean-up?Campaign??Tel; 0724 365 557??Blog;;; Monthly?Nationwide Clean?up Campaign??Facebook; Odhiambo T?Oketch??

Odhiambo T Oketch is the immediate former Chairman to the City Council of  Nairobi  Stakeholders Evaluation Team on Performance Contracting and Rapid Results Management. He is also Chair to the Nyamonye?Catholic Church Development Fund. He was also the Co-Chair and Coordinator of The Great Nairobi Walk against Corruption that was held in Nairobi on the 22nd October 2010 in partnership with KACC and he is the?National Co-ordinator of The Monthly Nationwide?Clean-up Campaign in Kenya.??

                        …….Moving From Talking to Tasking……..?

USA, OH: Obama returning to Ohio 22 March 2012

from: octimotor

A worthy condition witnessed during the administration of Carter as USA president again exists. An atmosphere prevails in which it is popular, in governmental labs etc., to pursue R&D on renewable energy methods.

Indications of this could be seen during a Dayton Ohio USA street fair. It was celebrating basket ball tournaments that the President planned to visit, It featured jet fuel options founded upon Fuels from Bio-Mass. It was being promoted thru a branch of the Air Force labs located in this region. Its poster presentation included citation of a Pres. Obama speech of a few years ago in promotion of governmental support to encourage innovations in energy and other technical areas.

Now, see below, announced plans for another presidential policy speech, again favoring tech innovation.

– – – – – – – – – – –

Ohio politics

Obama returning to Ohio next week

By Anthony Shoemaker | Friday, March 16, 2012, 01:34 PM

By Jack Torry Washington Bureau

WASHINGTON – President Barack Obama will make his second trip to Ohio in a week when he delivers a speech Thursday at Ohio State University on ways to conserve energy use while developing alternative renewable fuels, a White House official said.

Obama’s speech at Ohio State will be the final stop on a two-day trip in which the president will appear in New Mexico, Nevada, and Oklahoma. Except for Oklahoma, the other states are critical to his re-election in November.

The trip, which the White House describes as official, includes a stop at a solar facility in Nevada and oil and gas fields on federal lands in New Mexico. The White House said Ohio State was selected because it is “home to some of the country’s most advanced energy-related research and development.’’

On Tuesday, Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron were in Dayton to watch a NCAA college basketball tournament game.

USA, OH: Grow It Here, Make It Here

From: Senator Sherrod Brown
Date: Tue, Mar 13, 2012 at 9:32 AM
Subject: Grow It Here, Make It Here

Grow It Here, Make It Here

“Grow it here, make it here.”

That’s the driving message behind a new initiative to create jobs by linking two of Ohio’s most important industries: agriculture and manufacturing.

Ohio farmers put food on tables, grow feed for livestock, and develop new sources of energy for our cars and homes. And increasingly, Ohio farmers grow feedstocks that are being turned into plastics, lubricants, and chemicals.

Meanwhile, Ohio manufacturers are not only producing iron, steel, and auto parts, but are finding new business opportunities in emerging markets – like clean energy.

Agriculture and manufacturing are two of Ohio’s greatest industries – creating good-paying, middle class employment opportunities and the resources needed to build a stronger, more vibrant economy. Bio-based manufacturing – the marriage of manufacturing and agriculture – can produce America’s next great economic success story right here in Ohio.

Nutek Green, a bio-based manufacturer in Northeast Ohio is writing an early chapter. Nutek has launched 14 retail and 44 industrial products using corn and soy-based products manufactured in the Buckeye State.

This homegrown company uses aluminum cans made in Youngstown, cleaning wipes from Cleveland, and boxes created in Wooster. Product blending and filling happens in Macedonia, design takes place in Akron, and all logistics for Nutek are handled in Glenwillow, Ohio.

But one of the company’s most critical components is the soybeans grown on Ohio farms. Soybeans like those grown at Armstrong Farm in South Charleston, Ohio help make our state the nation’s 7th largest soybean producer. I recently spoke with a sixth-generation family farmer at Armstrong Farms who told me that “there’ s a huge void between development and commercialization” for Ohio farmers who are working with researchers to get bio-based products to the marketplace.

There are more than 130 bio-based manufacturers already operating in Ohio that make products ranging from natural pet foods, bio-based paint, to soy ink, and toner.

To find a bio-based manufacturer near where you live, visit my website at to view a county-by-county map.

In September at OSU, I held a roundtable with Ohio’s bio-based leaders to discuss the tremendous need – and potential – for an Ohio-led bio-based industry in the United States.

The “Grow it Here, Make it Here” initiative would facilitate more partnerships between agriculture and manufacturing to create jobs and promote economic development across Ohio. Our initiative would help our farmers and manufacturers do even more to meet our economic, environmental, and energy needs through bio-based manufacturing.

This bio-based manufacturing legislation would strengthen an existing program that certifies and labels products so consumers can better choose ones that are bio-based. It would also strengthen the bio-based market and help families make more-informed consumer choices.

Second, it helps bio-based manufacturers access loan assistance that could help expand operations and hire new workers.

Third, the Act would help bridge the gap between development and commercialization that is often the most difficult challenge for any emerging industry.

By streamlining existing U.S. Department of Agriculture resources, the Act would help the commercialization of bio-based products and technologies that are developed right here in America.

The bill is supported by a range of groups – from public health advocates and physicians to economic development leaders and businesses – like PolymerOhio and Battelle.

In many ways, this initiative is about using Ohio-grown crops to make Ohio-made products

Together, we can “grow it here, and make it here,” – creating new jobs while also strengthening our environment, supporting local economies, and ending America’s reliance on foreign energy sources.

1301 East Ninth Street
Suite 1710
Cleveland, Ohio 44114
p (216) 522-7272
f (216) 522-2239
Toll Free
1-888-896-OHIO (6446)

Presentations on incentives to deploy renewable energy and energy efficiency

From: Yona Maro

The World Bank Group has made available the presentations from the recent workshop on incentives for renewable energy and energy efficiency technology adoption. The workshop was attended by public and private sector participants and convened from 30 January-2 February 2012.

The main topics addressed were feed-in tariffs (FiTs) for renewable energy, trends and lessons learned in energy efficiency, renewable energy auctions and competitive procurement of energy efficiency. Tim Richards, Managing Director of Energy Policy for General Electric (GE), told workshop participants “We are in a phase of developing higher-cost renewable energy, and this is a highly policy-dependent environment,” adding that the key concept to focus on is the cost of electricity. In this respect, participants discussed FiTs—the most widespread policy incentive for renewable energy—which offer cost-based compensation to renewable energy producers. Workshop participants agreed that even though costs of wind and solar energy are diminishing, they cannot yet compete with fossil fuels without policy incentives.,,contentMDK:23106382~menuPK:6191602~pagePK:210058~piPK:210062~theSitePK:4114200,00.html

Karibu Jukwaa la
Pata nafasi mpya za Kazi

Scalling – up renewable energy program – Investment plan for Kenya

from Yona Maro

This is Kenya’s Investment Plan (IP) for the Scaling-Up Renewable Energy (SREP) Program funding. The IP is in line with national renewable energy development strategy as set in the Least Cost Power Development Plan (LCPDP), Rural Electrification Master Plan, Sessional No. 4 of 2004 (The energy policy document), the Energy Act of 2006, the Feed-inTariff (FiT) Policy, the Kenya National Climate Change Response Strategy and Kenya .Vision 2030 (the National economic development blueprint). Kenya is one of the six Pilot Countries selected to benefit from SREP. The SREP program will support Kenya’s initiatives towards achieving a transformational change that will lead the country towards low greenhouse gas (GHG) emission development pathway by harnessing the abundant renewable energy resources in country.

Karibu Jukwaa la
Pata nafasi mpya za Kazi

Kenya: Nynza farmers expected to earn millions from sorghum grains following high demand of the crops by East African Breweries Limited

Writes Leo Odera Omolo In Kisumu City

RESIDENTS of Siaya county and other counties inside Luo-Nyanza which usually experiencing less rainfall, but has fertile arable land are expected to rake in millions of shillings following the launching of sorghum project in Siaya County.

The sorghum growing project has started in Siaya County and will involve the initial number of 500 farmers. In the project in Siaya proves to be successful, it will be extended to other parts of Nyanza region which are experiencing less annual rainfalls, and which are suitable for sorghum crops.

The crops require only two month of rains, especially during the long rain and unlike the maize that needs the continuation of the rains for four months before yielding. Sorghum used to be the staple food members of the Luo community for many years until around 1940s and 1950s following the introduction of maize seedling in the region by the British colonial authorities in Kenya.

And owing to its red and black color, sorghum became neglected and almost disappeared as most peasants went full blast for maize growing.

Regions an areas where it is making good yield include Karachuonyo, Rangwe, Mbita, Gwassi, Nyatike,Lower Nyakach, Uyoma and Asembo in Rarieda, Alego-Usonga, Seme, Kisumo, Kano Plains and Bondo. The crops is doing ell in higher lands in area like Migori, Uriri, Kuria, Kasipul, Kabondo, Rongo and Awendo, but has been neglected for years in preference to maize.

The new sorghum project is taking off this time around at the backdrop of the recent announcement the East African Breweries Limited ,the largest manufacturers of beer that it was considering the possibility of abandoning the growing of barley and replace it with sorghum for brewing its beer.

The Kisumu based Molasses Plant which is producing alcohol and ethanol from molasses a by-product of the sugar cane has also hinted that it might consider the sorghum a s its raw material instead of molasses or revert to the use of both .

The EABL communication officer Joseph Sunday has been quoted in a section of the press as saying that the sorghum project has been taken into consideration following high demand for the grain that is out of step with supply.

The new project is piloted by the EABL in conjunction with the Ministry of Agriculture and the European Cooperation for Rural Development {EUCORP}.The project aims at creating a sustainable value chain for the grain I East Africa.

“It is part of a wider scheme to recruit more farmers in Siaya County into growing white sorghum as cash crop to boost raw material supply for industries reliant on the grain.

EABL will provide registered farmers with certified seeds and organize farms field day to instruct them on good farm practices.

Upon investing, the company will provide ready market for produce at better price than those in the market.” The farmers will benefit from 30 per cent price increase that will see them earn Kshs 30/- per kilogram of sorghum delivered up fro last year’s Kshs 23/- per kg.

This was disclosed by the Company’s Sorghum Project Manager Sylvester Ndeda, who added by saying that firm’s demand for sorghum is high.

The manager further disclosed that they were targeting the long rain season when the grain crop will be planted by at least 500 farmers.

The inaugural field was held last week where the farmers were advised to form groups of cooperatives to enable them bargain better for higher price of their produce, enjoy discounts on farm equipment and access bank loans.

The project will go along way in uplifting the lives of Siaya residents by offering a reliable income from their farming business.

It is hoped that the EABL will extend its project to cover areas where sorghum is grown in abundance such as Uyoma in Rarieda where the crops is known to be doing well with excellent yield in the black cotton soil and also in Kadel are of West Karachuonyo, Lambwe Valley, Kdem and Karungu in Nyatike, Gwassi and Mbita.


USA: Your Priorities – – Job Creation

from Senator Sherrod Brown

October 6, 2011

Dear Friends,

It’s time to end the partisan bickering and focus on jobs. Too many middle-class Ohioans are struggling to find work, send a child to college, or keep up with their mortgage.

Last month, the President announced his jobs plan and traveled to Ohio to outline the American Jobs Act. Now that he’s announced his plan, I want to hear your thoughts and ideas.

I believe we can build on Ohio’s spirit of innovation and manufacturing heritage to create jobs in clean energy, biotech, and aerospace. But we need to stop giving tax breaks to corporations that ship jobs overseas and instead ensure a level playing field for Ohio workers and Ohio manufacturers.

When we stood up to China and enforced trade laws to prevent a flood of cheap imports that undermine Ohio-made products, we saw new jobs in the Mahoning Valley and Northwest Ohio. Helped by federal investments in clean energy, Toledo is now second in the nation in solar panel jobs. By encouraging our state’s aerospace industry, manufacturers in Dayton and Cincinnati have new business opportunities. And by investing in workforce development, Northeast Ohio’s biosciences industry continues to grow.

But we need to do more. And I want to hear your priorities for job creation.


Strongly Support; Support Somewhat; No Opinion; Somewhat Against; Strongly Against;

1. Should we cut taxes for employers who hire new workers?

2. Do you support providing funds to state and local governments to prevent layoffs of employees like teachers, police officers, firefighters, and other first responders?

3. Do you think Congress should cut payroll taxes paid by workers and employers as long as the lost revenue to Social Security is replaced?

4. Do you support ending the so-called Bush tax cuts for those who earn more that $250,000 a year?

5. Would you support increased federal investment in infrastructure to create jobs by fixing schools and improving roads, mass transit, and other infrastructure?

Senator Brown’s Offices
Washington, D.C.
713 Hart Senate Building
Washington, DC 20510
p (202) 224-2315
f (202) 228-6321
and others;

Asia: Smart grid deployment key to Asia-Pacific’s energy future

From: Yona Maro

Issued by the APEC Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies

As the world moves toward embracing renewable energy solutions, the adoption of smart grid technology is vital to the economic and environmental future of the APEC region.

Smart grids are one of the key conduits to increasing the adoption rate of renewable energy technologies, said Dr. Jerry Ou, Director-General of Chinese Taipei’s Ministry of Economic Affairs’ Energy Bureau, at the opening of the APEC workshop on addressing challenges in deploying Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) and smart grids.

“The adoption of renewable energy technologies and the deployment of AMI and smart grids are potential solutions for energy crises and environmental protection,” said Dr. Ou.

Developing smart grids and deploying AMI to facilitate the delivery of energy to homes and businesses is also important because it enables the flow of new and renewable energy sources to consumers.

“To move forward, we need a new kind of electric grid that is capable of delivering new and renewable energy sources such as wind or solar,” said Dr. Tom Lee, Chair of the APEC Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies.

“We need a grid that can automate and manage the increasing complexities and electrical needs of the 21st century.”

APEC recognizes smart grid development as a way to address climate change and improve energy efficiency. Smart grids also promote green growth, which is a key priority for APEC during the 2011 US host year. AMI systems are viewed as foundational technology for smart grids.

Dr. Ou underscored the value of smart grids and AMI technology to APEC economies because of its economic and environmental significance if it is deployed globally.

The recent disaster in Fukushima, Japan highlighted the need for “demand-side management solutions” to solve electricity shortage crises – problems that may increase with growing environmental and energy demand challenges.

In 2010, the value of smart meters worldwide was US$4.3 billion, and may reach as much as US$15.2 billion by 2016. Currently within APEC economies, about 12 million smart meters are deployed in the US, with penetration rate reaching 8.7%. China has purchased 48 million smart meters in the past 2 years. Chinese Taipei also announced an AMI deployment plan in 2010.

AMI is an integral component of smart grid development as it enables two-way communication between consumers and suppliers. An AMI system typically consists of a “smart meter” at the customer’s premise, a communications network between the smart meter and the utility, and a system to monitor the data.

“Increasing the adoption rate of renewable energy technologies is dependent on smart grid development, which is in turn dependent on the development of AMI”, Dr. Ou said.

“AMI is considered as the key to turn current power systems into intelligent ones, as it measures, collects and analyzes energy usage.”

The two-day APEC workshop on AMI and smart grids follows the 37th APEC Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies Meeting that was held earlier this week in Chinese Taipei, where energy experts from APEC economies gathered to discuss their current energy priority needs.

# # #

For more information, contact: Augustine Kwan +65 6891 9674 at or Michael Chapnick +65 6891 9670 at

Details about APEC meetings, events, projects and publications can be found at or You can also follow APEC on Twitter and join us on Facebook.

Kwa Nafasi za Kazi kila siku Nafasi za Kazi Kimataifa

Kenya: Raila Does Not Get It…//…It Is Understanding Miguna Miguna’s putting things in the perspective

from Judy Miriga


No more DRAMA, in summary, lets hit the nail on the head and solve the puzzle……..!!!

Corruption, Impunity, Graft, Mungiki, Somali Mafia & Al-Shabaab, Kibaki & Team, Raila & Team = (equal to) Goal Keeper Hassan…….It is therefore rumoured that remnants of Al-Qaeda and Al-shabaab is receiving material support in form and kinds from Kenyan Politicians for their security over Public’s stolen Wealth and for electioneering back-up……the reason Raila cannot work with independent minded Professionals, unless “Micky Moused” like Prof. Anyang Nyongo, who is easily compromised to pooh in his professionalism…………the reason Hassan is the Goal-Keeper of the whole episode, and why he is put at the Election Commission….Like I said before, and I repeat, they are all FOOLS as the world is watching details of their scheme……..and so Raila and Hassan cannot also stand Mary Angawa as the Official Judge in authority…….

Kano Community is one such victims just like Turkana who are being robbed off their land and wealth in a political schemed attacks to get rid of them from their land for unscrupulous investors……….people in Yala Swamp are equally victims, as their land is stolen from them by Dominion Investments who are dealing in GMO, the Genetically Modified foods which are essentially for ETHANOL PRODUCTION, but are not for human consumption…… the reason for Molasses Plant expansionism for ease of products’ Raw Material supply……….This plan does not give a balance to human survival except for self-centred selfish business Political cartels…………

As usual, it is Raila game to lit fire, then ran away as if he was not there……..but he knew details of what he left to happen behind his office while he is away……….Miguna Miguna must not be fooled, as his life will dangerously be at risks………..He must truly watch above his shoulders……….There is a smell of a dead rat in the corner………..!

If this is what is against Miguna’s perspective, so be it…..AND…..Hague is the Answer….!

Without Hague, there will be No Federalism, the Majimbo Governance, and so there will be No Election 2012…….

The reason why Turkana is being finished………a million words from Raila will not provide remedy………they know their game plan, but are trying to fool the world………only IDIOTS cannot read through their manoeuvres………They are all in the Drama to change focus, to block New Constitution from taking place. We all know it and We get it, Loud and Clear.

Of course, Miguna Miguna as a Professional, believing in the things that are factual and realistic, cannot and will not get in the mix……..the reason for the galore…….!

Time is up, let Ocampo take over, rid us of the two Principles to face charges at the Hague on Violation and Crimes against Humanity……..As Justice delayed, is Justice denied……….

Judy Miriga
Diaspora Spokesperson
Executive Director
Confederation Council Foundation for Africa Inc.,

– – – – – – – – – – –

Miguna Miguna out of Raila’s Team
Friday, 05 August 2011 00:31

Prime Minister Raila Odinga on Thursday suspended his advisor on coalition affairs Miguna Miguna over gross misconduct, abuse of office and harassment of junior officers.
According to the suspension letter, the outspoken advisor will not be entitled to any pay for the entire time when he will be suspended pending investigations into his conduct.

Dr Miguna, who has served as the PM’s advisor since 2008, was on Thursday suspended and has also been asked to hand over all his assignments at the PM’s office to the Secretary Administration and also surrender all government assets under his custody. He was privilaged to have to his access a government car, drivers, body guards, government house, other public wares and also a plum salary.

In a letter read by the PS from the Prime Minister’s office said in part that his advisor was suspended over gross misconduct, abuse of office and harassment of junior officers.

“I have been instructed by the Rt. Hon. Prime Minister that you be and are hereby suspended from performing your duties as the advisor, Coalitions Affairs with immediate effect,” read the letter written by the Permanent Secretary Office of the PM, Mohamed Isahakia.

Dr Miguna is known for his fiery attacks against foes, real and imaginary, in a weekly column in The Star newspaper. The last straw came in an article he wrote on one of the local dailies, last month, criticising the leadership of the Interim Independent Electoral Commission chairperson, Issack Hassan.

In the article Dr Miguna said that Mr Hassan did not deserve to be credited for the IIEC’s successes calling him a poor leader who he claims can’t manage presidential, gubernatorial, parliamentary and civic elections with a ten metre-long ballot paper, said the article.

Previous occasion especialy the past two years part of the problem within the coalition government can be attributed to the poor working relations between Mr Miguna and his counterpart in President Kibaki’s office, former cabinet minister Kivutha Kibwana.
Other long running public confrontations have been with one of Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta’s fixers, fellow Star columnist Moses Kuria.

Even though the attacks at times could be justified, some of the complications out of the public activities of such figures is the assumption their utterances and writings represent the views of their employer. Therefore Mr Miguna’s attacks have been presumed to carry the Prime Minster’s approval, just as Mr Kuria’s assaults from the other side have come to be associated with Mr Kenyatta.

That probably explains that when it became apparent that Mr Miguna was part of the campaign against Interim Independent Electoral Commission boss Ahmed Isaack Hassan, his position became untenable.

Raila cracks the whip on Miguna
Posted by WAMBUI NDONGA on August 4, 2011

NAIROBI, Kenya, Aug 4 – Prime Minister Raila Odinga on Thursday suspended his advisor on coalition affairs Miguna Miguna over gross misconduct, abuse of office and harassment of junior officers.

According to the suspension letter, the outspoken advisor will not be entitled to any pay for the entire time when he will be suspended pending investigations into his conduct.

Dr Miguna, who has served as the PM’s advisor since 2008, has also been asked to hand over all his assignments at the PM’s office to the Secretary Administration and also surrender all government assets under his custody.

When he was appointed to the PM’s office, he had access to a government car, drivers, body guards, government house, other public wares and also a plum salary.

“I have been instructed by the Rt. Hon. Prime Minister that you be and are hereby suspended from performing your duties as the advisor, Coalitions Affairs with immediate effect,” read the letter written by the Permanent Secretary Office of the PM, Mohamed Isahakia.

Dr Miguna wrote an article in one of the local dailies, last month, criticising the leadership of the Interim Independent Electoral Commission chairperson, Issack Hassan.

In the article Dr Miguna said that Mr Hassan did not deserve to be credited for the IIEC’s successes calling him a poor leader.

“As a lawyer, Isaack’s record is patchy. He isn’t a good courtroom lawyer, nor is he a good drafter or negotiator. In fact, Issac isn’t quick on his feet. He floundered badly when the ‘red brigade’ invaded the Bomas of Kenya where the IIEC was releasing results for the referendum,” read Dr Miguna’s article.

“If he couldn’t handle such a simple electoral exercise, he certainly can’t manage presidential, gubernatorial, parliamentary and civic elections with a ten metre-long ballot paper,” it added.

He further accused Mr Hassan of abusing his office when he recently declined to de-gazette 34 nominated councillors as had been requested by the Orange Democratic Movement.

In the article, Dr Miguna also said that the IIEC chairperson did not deserve to be reappointed as the head of the yet to be constituted Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC).

“People tend to serenade Isaack with all the successes of the interim electoral body without asking whether those praises are well deserved,” he said.

However Mr Hassan has not been the only one who has also received Dr Miguna’s backlash.

Former President Daniel arap Moi has also found himself on the receiving end with Dr Miguna criticising his leadership style.

Dr Miguna has also been at the center of a dual citizenship controversy, being a holder of a Kenyan and Canadian passport, although the law effecting this allowance has not yet been enacted.

Several political leaders had asked the Premier to suspend his advisor over the issue until his citizenship issue was resolved.

The politicians also asked the PM to open criminal investigations against Dr Miguna.
Reports indicate that he went on a self imposed exile in Canada during the former President’s reign before returning to Kenya in 2007 when he even attempted to run for the Nyando Parliamentary seat but lost.

Understanding Miguna Miguna putting Things in the Perspective

Posted on July 28, 2011 by jana-bee

For those who don’t know, Star columnist Miguna Miguna is a civil servant, paid by the tax payer’s money, and is not an Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) official or spokesperson. He is the Kenyan Prime Minister’s adviser on constitutional issues and coalition affairs. Full stop!

Many of Miguna’s detractors always respond to his writings in a way that depicts him as speaking for the ODM. For the record, ODM has its officials and a CEO, Janet Ongera, who speaks on its behalf. As far as I understand journalism, the opinions expressed in Miguna’s columns are solely his and not those of his employer or boss’ party.

In the Star newspaper of July 25th, one Abdirizak Arale hit back at Miguna for the article he had written the previous week, saying that the Chairman of the Interim Independent Electoral Commission, Isaack Hassan should not hog all the praise for the success of the body so far in the handling of elections in the country from the time it was created to date.
Whereas he accuses Miguna of writing in bad taste, Abdirizak himself makes many sweeping statements without any substantiation. He says for instance that Miguna’s article was motivated by “ODM’s disappointment on the handling of the list of councilors that Miguna’s party wanted deregistered and the fact that Isaack could not be manipulated by ODM to bend the law in its favour.”

As I pointed out earlier, that fact is wrong. Miguna is not and has never been an official of ODM. The fact that he advises the party leader, Raila Odinga, who also happens to be the Prime Minister, does not make him a spokesperson of the party. Abdirizak needs to get his facts right.

In the same vein, Abdirizak makes some statements that if left unchallenged, will not augur well for peaceful co-existence and harmony in this country. In his defence of Isaack, he makes a general statement that has no basis. He says that Miguna’s article is “a clear manifestation of the hatred that Miguna, ODM and its leadership has for Somali professionals in particular and professionals from the pastoralist communities in general.”

This is stretching the argument too far without any solid basis. How do comments made by Miguna represent the feelings of ODM and its leadership? Surely, Abdirizak needs to get serious. He is accusing Miguna of hatred yet he himself is exhibiting signs of intolerance. What Miguna did was to question Isaack on certain aspects of his life. Is there a crime in doing that?

That is freedom of expression and no one has any right to interfere with it. Abdirizak may not be comfortable or even like what Miguna says but he should let him talk and express himself. After all, Isaack is an official serving in the public domain and the public has a right to question him in the discharge of his duty.

I agree that Miguna may have gone too far and seemed to be attacking the person of Isaack but that does not amount to an attack on the Somali or pastoral communities. Abdirizak and others should desist from dragging the names of their communities and tribes into issues whenever they are being questioned or interrogated.

In his article, Abdirizak further says that “if ODM was to have its way, no single professional from pastoralist communities would hold any constitutional office in this country.” Please! Looking at the appointments for ministerial and assistant ministerial posts that were made from ODM into government, one sees that Abdirizak’s argument holds no water at all. Members of the pastoralist communities were well represented.
In the latest appointment for candidates to spearhead the selection of new commissioners to the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission, the Prime Minister nominated Dr. Ekuru Aukot, a member of the pastoralist communities.

We also have other examples from other areas of great public interest in this country which exposes Abdirizak’s opinions as having no solid foundation. In the recent by-election that was to take place in Kamukunji in Nairobi, ODM’s candidate was from the Somali community. So where does Abdirizak’s opinion come from?

I wonder why Abdirizak is taking it upon himself to speak on behalf of the pastoralist communities. Are they special in any way? Does it mean that any person from a pastoralist community who applies for any office in this land should not be questioned and interrogated about their past performance in public life?

Abdirizak accuses Miguna and ODM of nepotism and cronyism while in the same breath he vouches for professionals from the pastoralist communities. Why does he only speak of the interests of the professionals, who are as elitist as he is, instead of speaking for the general good of the pastoralist communities as a whole?

In actual fact, I think that Abdirizak is not speaking for the good of the common man in the pastoralist communities, but rather, he is speaking for a few elite in that sub-group of Kenyans. Basically, they want to hog and protect what they can in the name of speaking for their communities.

By attacking Miguna using wrong facts, many people, even those endowed intellectually, end up exposing their ignorance of facts in the public domain. And I suspect Miguna enjoys seeing them making fools of themselves in the eyes of the public.

It is absolutely wrong for one person to vilify another person using wrong facts, the way Abdizirak has tried to do with Miguna. He should not drag other people and other groups into an argument that is purely between two people. Unless Abdirizak is a broker speaking for vested interests, he should try to get his facts right to support his opinions. Otherwise, let him keep the peace.

« Reply #15 on Jul 24, 2011, 6:45pm »

“Tact” is always thrown around when something an adversary did is described.

I did not see ‘tact’ being a adjective to describe mafiyan arrogance, with examples galore.

No where has Hon Miguna said anything without backing it up factually.
I like dealing with facts, not with some amorphous entity.

And yes as all of you can see, no one can break down Hon Miguna’s arguments, not only in this article but in the previous ones posted.

Lets face it.
His brilliance is self illuminating. He writes YOU READ!

Governance of Innovation for Sustainable Transport: Biofuels in Sweden 1990-2010

from Yona Maro

This report is a result of the GIST (Governance of Innovation for Sustainable Transport) project, performed under the auspices of IMIT (Institute for Management of Innovation and Technology) between 2009 and 2011.

The first step of the GIST project was the development of a framework for analysing the governance of innovation systems, published as a journal article (Hillman et al., 2011). Parallel to that work, two primary case studies were initiated that were supposed to contribute to framework development and to the understanding of the connection between governance and innovation processes. The overall case focus of the project is innovations for sustainable transport, and more specifically low-carbon road vehicles and fuels.

Nigeria: Women should be at the Forefront of the Energy Revolution

from: African Press Organization


13 African Nations at “Power Kick for Africa” Conference in Abuja / “Women should be at the Forefront of the Energy Revolution”

ABUJA, Nigeria, July 1, 2011 — Access to cleaner, more affordable energy for their people is a current priority for many African Nations. 70 participants from 13 African Nations – policy makers as well as representatives from business and civil society – discussed the topic of renewable energy on an international conference from 30th June to 1st July in the Nigerian Capital Abuja. In sessions on policy, technology, project development, finance and African leapfrogging participants exchanged experiences in best practices as well as best policies. The conference was arranged by the African Renewable Energy Alliance (AREA).

The “Power Kick for Africa 2011” conference shed a spotlight on the linkage of energy and gender. Hon. Ms. Elizabeth Thabethe, Deputy Minister, Department of Trade and Industry, Republic of South Africa, said: “A change in energy production paradigm is necessary, and women should be at the forefront of the energy revolution. Women of the continent should be champions of this new energy production paradigm that promotes the utilization of clean energy sources.”

Few African women have access to electricity. In Nigeria about 70 percent of households in both semi-urban and urban areas are using firewood as a primary cooking fuel. Currently, cooking with firewood causes about two million deaths each year around the globe, with approximately 400.000 in Africa. Gender as a main determinant that defines access, ways of utilization, opportunities and control over all energy resources was also a highlight at a ‘Solar-Powered Screening’ of the Women’s Football World Cup match between Germany and Nigeria on 30th June organized by the World Future Council together with Bosch Solar Energy and the Heinrich Böll Foundation Nigeria.

The intention of the “Power Kick for Africa 2011” conference is to fill the gap between policy and best practice. “What exactly is needed in order to foster renewable energies in Africa? We want to identify concrete implementation possibilities for the participants,” says Ansgar Kiene, Director Africa Liaison Office of the World Future Council and conference organizer.

Inspiring policies that accelerate the uptake of renewable energies motivate countries that still lack behind. Representatives from Uganda and Kenya like AREA-member Joseph Nganga, Renewable Energy Venture Kenya, show how a locally designed Feed-in Tariff-legislation can push the uptake of renewable energies. Feed-in Tariffs are perceived as one of the best policy for grid connected areas. African countries can set the right framework to guarantee energy producers have access to the grid. “We don’t need megatalk. We need Megawatt” said Chidi Izuwah, from the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission of Nigeria. The country set an ambitious target to achieve 20 percent renewable energy in a long term.

The financial incentive legislations from Cape Verde gave a good example of how renewable energy can make electricity affordable for more people. A kilowatt hour electricity from the conventional system costs now 25€ Cent in the country, whereas wind energy provides it for only 12 € Cent.

Conference participants also clearly stated that Africa does not only need sustainable policies and future just legislations. Action and implementation on the ground is needed – to trigger a mind change of the consumer and to push policy makers to scale best practices up to a best policy. By presenting community based examples, the conference raised awareness for applicable and people oriented

policies. Yahaya Ahmed from the Developmental Association for Renewable Energies Nigerias shared his experiences with the SAVE80 project, a highly efficient cooking stove, with 80 percent savings on fuel wood compared to traditional stoves. The Save 80 Project is the first SSC-CDM project activity in Nigeria and the first, applying the methodology AMS II G, to get registered worldwide.

“The energy landscape of millions of Nigerian women looks like that: no access at all, besides her own physical power and the battery inside her torch. They have a low carbon footprint and a low life expectancy”, says Christine K., Director, Heinrich Böll Foundation Nigeria. Better health, education, quality of life – African women can disproportionately benefit from electrification. Access to energy can improve women’s social, economic and political status, reducing the time and effort involved in household chores, providing better health and educational conditions, expanding income-generating opportunities, and easing their participation in public affairs.

Distributed by the African Press Organization on behalf of the World Future Council.

Notes to Editors

Contact: Ina Neuberger, Media & Communication
T: +49 (0) 40 30 70 914-16
Twitter: @good_policies

The African Renewable Energy Alliance (AREA) is a platform for policy makers, representatives from business and civil society to exchange information and consult about policies, technologies and financial mechanisms for the deployment of renewable energies in Africa. AREA will play a catalytic role in promoting knowledge transfer and international cooperation. |

The World Future Council brings the interests of future generations to the centre of policy making. We inform policy makers about future just policies and advise them on how to implement these. The World Future Council is a registered charitable foundation in Hamburg, Germany.

Journalists find more information, texts and royalty free photos on the Power Kick project on

The Heinrich Böll Foundation is part of the Green political movement that has developed worldwide as a response to the traditional politics of socialism, liberalism, and conservatism. Our main tenets are ecology and sustainability, democracy and human rights, self-determination and justice. We place particular emphasis on gender democracy, meaning social emancipation and equal rights for women and men.

Heinrich Böll Foundation Nigeria:


The World Future Council

Science and Technology News June 2011

from Judy Miriga

Now we know why someone was testing water about Nuclear Power Plant in Kenya….BUT…..Folks must stand AGAINST it all through the way……..until we humble these Chinese to a Mutual understanding of PUBLIC power in Africa……

– – – – – – – – – – –

China interested in building nuclear plant in East Africa


China wants to help build nuclear power generation in East Africa, uranium mining and investment company IBI Corp said in a statement after meeting Chinese officials in Beijing, revealing China’s undimmed appetite for overseas nuclear expansion despite the Japanese nuclear crisis this year.

IBI, which has uranium-prospective land in Uganda, said its director, A.J. Coffman, held an “encouraging meeting… with the relatively new umbrella organization overseeing China’s research and development of Generation 3 and Generation 4 nuclear power plant designs.”

“At the meeting, this entity expressed an interest in pursuing nuclear power plant construction in East Africa.”

China is in the early stages of a massive nuclear power expansion to help meet the demands of its power-guzzling economy and to weaken the grip of coal as the dominant source of fuel.

Japan’s earthquake and tsunami on March 11 and the ensuing nuclear crisis have threatened to put cracks in China’s own plans, with the government ordering a halt to further nuclear approvals until it had inspected the existing reactors and construction sites.

China’s ambitious domestic nuclear expansion is widely expected to march ahead, although talk of the sector growing to 80-90 gigawatts by 2020 may give way to a target of 70-75 GW. Still, that is a giant leap from China’s existing nuclear capacity, which amounted to 10.8 GW, at the end of 2010.

Some of China’s new plants will use “third generation” reactors, using technology from France’s Areva and U.S.-based Westinghouse, part of Toshiba Corp. But later their technology will be transferred to China, enabling it to build third generation plants in its own right.

Currently there are no nuclear plants in East Africa, and only one country on the continent, South Africa, has nuclear power.

China already has some early-stage interests in uranium in Africa. The overseas arm of China National Nuclear Corp has a 37.2 percent stake in a uranium mine in Niger that began producing on December 30, 2010, as well as exploration projects in Namibia and Zimbabwe.

Another state-owned company, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corp, earlier this month withdrew a bid for UK-listed Kalahari Minerals, which holds 43 percent of Extract Resources, owner of Namibia’s Husab project, potentially the world’s second-biggest uranium mine.

The Chinese firm, which withdrew its $1.2 billion bid after regulators refused to let it cut its offer in the aftermath of the Japanese nuclear disaster, is considering whether to come back with a fresh offer.


Peter Bosshard, Policy Director, International Rivers
Mao, Tao and the Three Gorges Dam

The Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River is the world’s largest hydropower project. It has often been touted as a model for dam building around the world. Now the Chinese government has officially acknowledged the project’s serious social, environmental and geological problems. What are the lessons from the Three Gorges experience?

For many years, Chinese leaders have celebrated the mega-dam on the Yangtze as a symbol of the country’s economic and technological progress. With a capacity of 18,200 megawatts, the hydropower project is indeed a masterpiece of engineering. In spite of its daunting complexity, the government completed it ahead of schedule in 2008. The dam generates two percent of China’s electricity, and substitutes at least 30 million tons of coal per year. Its cost has been estimated at between $27 and $88 billion.

Costs and benefits

The social and environmental costs may be even more staggering than the project’s financial price tag. The Three Gorges Dam has displaced more than 1.2 million people. Hundreds of local officials diverted compensation money into their own pockets, but protests against such abuses were oppressed. Because it no longer controls the economy and land is scarce, the government was not able to provide jobs and land to the displaced people as promised. Unlike other governments, China has set up a program to provide pensions to the 18 million people displaced by dams in the past.

Damming the Three Gorges caused massive impacts on the ecosystem of the Yangtze, Asia’s longest river. The barrage stopped the migration of fish, and diminished the river’s capacity to clean itself. Pollution from dirty industries along the reservoir is causing frequent toxic algae blooms. Commercial fisheries have plummeted, the Yangtze river dolphin has already been extinct, and species such as the Chinese Sturgeon are threatened by the same fate. Due to dam building and pollution, rivers and lakes around the world have lost more species to extinction than any other major ecosystem.

Struggling with unexpected impacts

While the social and environmental problems had been predicted, government officials were not prepared for the massive geological impacts of the Three Gorges Dam. The water level in the reservoir fluctuates between 145 and 175 meters every year. This destabilizes the slopes of the Yangtze Valley, and is triggering frequent landslides. According to Chinese experts, erosion affects half the reservoir area, and more than 100 miles of riverbanks are at risk of collapsing. More than 300,000 additional people will have to be relocated to stabilize the banks of the reservoir.

Since most of the silt load from the Yangtze’s upper reaches is now deposited in the reservoir, the downstream regions are being starved of sediment. As a consequence, up to four square kilometers of coastal wetlands are eroded every year. The Yangtze delta is subsiding, and seawater intrudes up the river, affecting agriculture and drinking water supplies. An international team of scientists recently found that no less than 472 million people have likely been affected by the downstream impacts of large dams around the world, and that these impacts are often neglected during the planning of such projects.

Scientists agree that the reservoirs of high dams can trigger earthquakes. The Three Gorges Dam sits on two fault lines, and hundreds of small tremors have been recorded since the reservoir began filling. While the dam has been built to withstand strong earthquakes, the villages and towns in its vicinity have not. As global dam building increasingly moves into mountain areas with active tectonic faults, the seismic risks of reservoirs will increase.

Hydropower projects have often been proposed as a response to global warming, yet the Three Gorges Dam illustrates how climate change creates new risks for such projects. In a nutshell, past records can no longer be used to predict a river’s future streamflow. The dam operators planned to fill the Three Gorges reservoir for the first time in 2009, but were not able to do so due to insufficient rains. The current year has brought Central China the worst drought in 50 years. Like other projects around the world, the Three Gorges Dam is facing serious risks and losses due to the vagaries of climate change.

A new approach is needed

Scientists had warned of the Three Gorges Dam’s impacts throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Yet their opinions were ignored and silenced. During the construction phase, the giant project, which had originally been championed by Mao Zedong, was frequently visited by government and party leaders. It has also served as a tour stop for many visiting government delegations from Asia, Africa and Europe.

In recent years, the Chinese government has quietly toned down its enthusiasm for the project. “We thought of all the possible issues,” the secretary general of the Yangtze River Forum told the Wall Street Journal in August 2007. “But the problems are all more serious than we expected.” When the dam was inaugurated in 2008, the Chinese president and his prime minister were conspicuously absent. And on May 18, China’s highest government body for the first time acknowledged the serious problems at the Three Gorges. “The project is now greatly benefiting the society in the aspects of flood prevention, power generation, river transportation and water resource utilization,” the government maintained, but it has “caused some urgent problems in terms of environmental protection, the prevention of geological hazards and the welfare of the relocated communities.”

China’s economy is booming, and its water and energy needs are pressing. Yet the Three Gorges Dam was not the only option for replacing coal. While the dam was under construction, the country’s economy actually became more wasteful in its use of energy. According to the Energy Foundation, it would have been “cheaper, cleaner and more productive for China to have invested in energy efficiency” rather than new power plants.

A few hundred miles from the Three Gorges reservoir, the water works of Dujiangyan have irrigated the fertile Sichuan plains and prevented floods through an ingenious system of levees for more than 2000 years. They reflect the Taoist philosophy of working with the forces of nature, while the Yangtze dam symbolizes the Maoist (and Confucian) approach of subduing the natural world.

The Three Gorges Dam has been completed, but it is not too late to draw lessons for the mega-projects which have been proposed on the Mekong and the Amazon, the Congo and the Salween, in Ethiopia and the Himalayas. The Yangtze dam demonstrates that even with the greatest technical skills, our power to dominate nature is limited. It calls on us to harness our great technological progress for solutions that reduce poverty while respecting the limits of our ecosystems.


Jatropha Revival as Viable Feedstock for Global Biofuels
China (PRWEB) May 26, 2011

From Asia, Africa to Latin America there’s renewed interest in Jatropha oil and its cultivation. CMT’s JatrophaWorld Asia on 27-28 June in Hainan Island hones in on Jatropha as sustainable feedstock option for biofuel. Armed with factual data and aided by real success stories, Jatropha practitioners, growers, investors, end-users and researchers on cultivation, processing, and supplying oil will again share their first hand and field experiences.

The conference focuses on the latest developments in effective large-scale jatropha commercialization and cultivation methods; as well as assesses how the global industry will be shaped by new sustainability standards.

Why use Jatropha?

Jatropha curcas produces seed that contain an inedible vegetable oil that is used to produce biofuel. Each Jatropha seed produces between 35 to 37% of its mass in oil.
• It is drought resistant.
• It can be grown almost anywhere – even in sandy, saline, or infertile soil.
• It adapts well to marginal soils with low nutrient content.
• It is relatively easy to propagate.
• It is not invasive or damaging.
• It is capable of stabilizing sand dunes, acting as a windbreak or combating desertification.
• It naturally repels insects and animals do not browse it.
• It lives for over 50 years producing seeds all the time.
• It is resilient against the cold.
• It does not exhaust the nutrients in the land; rather, it rejuvenates overused land.
• It does not require expensive crop rotation.
• It does not require fertilizers.
• It grows quickly and establishes itself easily.
• It has a high yield.
• No displacement of food crops is necessary.
• The biodiesel byproduct, glycerin, is profitable in itself.
• The waste plant mass after oil extraction can be used as a fertilizer.
• The plant itself recycles 100% of the CO2 emissions produced by burning the biodiesel; two mature plants can absorb 1 metric ton of carbon every year.

In his book, Hot, Flat, and Crowded, Pulitzer Prize Winning Author Thomas L. Friedman gives 4 criterion that any biofuel must meet: It must have a large positive energy input, not destroy biodiversity-rich land, must not release large amounts of carbon dioxide when grown, and must not solve one problem only to create another. Jatropha meets all of these criterion.

The oil content is 25 to 30% in the seed with cover. Without cover it is 50 to 60% in the kernel. The oil contains 21% saturated fatty acids and 79% unsaturated fatty acids. There are some chemical elements in the seed, Cursin, which are poisonous and render the oil not appropriate for human consumption.

Jatropha curcas is a small, perennial shrub that grows 3-5 meters in height. It was originally native to Central America, and grows well in the tropics. It has many uses, among them biofuel, cosmetics, and fertilizer.
Medicinal plant : The latex of Jatropha curcas contains an alkaloid known as jatrophine, which is believed to have anti-cancerous properties. It is also used as an external application for skin diseases and rheumatism and for sores on domestic livestock. In addition, the tender twigs of the plant are used for cleaning teeth, while the juice of the leaf is used as an external application for piles. Finally, the roots are reported to be used as an antidote for snake-bites.

Raw material for dye : The bark of Jatropha curcas yields a dark blue dye which is used for colouring cloth, fishing nets and lines.

Soil enrichment : Jatropha curcas / Castor oil cake is rich in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium and can be used as it is as organic manure for plantations.

Leaves : Jatropha leaves are used as food for the tusser silkworm.

Insecticide/ pesticide : The seeds are considered anthelimintic in Brazil, and the leaves are used for fumigating houses against bed-bugs. Also, the ether extract shows antibiotic activity against Styphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.

Alternative to Diesel : It is significant to point out that, the non-edible vegetable oil of Jatropha curcas / Castor has the requisite potential of providing a promising and commercially viable alternative to diesel oil since it has desirable physicochemical and performance characteristics comparable to diesel. Cars can be run with Jatropha curcas oil without any change in design.


Taking the Waste out of Nuclear Waste
Jun 02, 2011

While spent nuclear fuel continues to pile up by the ton across the United States, UC Irvine’s Mikael Nilsson says the solution is clear: recycle it at the commercial nuclear power plants that create it.

More than 96 percent of the waste – namely uranium and plutonium – can be used again, says the assistant professor of chemical engineering and materials science, and plants in Europe and Asia are doing just that. Nilsson’s laboratory research is focused on how to recycle or destroy the remaining 3 to 4 percent.

“Some people call it nuclear waste, but we’ve stopped using that term,” he said. “That implies it’s useless, and we don’t think that’s true. It can still be used.”

Currently, about 65,000 metric tons of commercial spent nuclear fuel is stored at 75 sites in 33 states, and the amount is growing by about 2,000 metric tons a year, according to federal records, some of it with a half-life of millions of years. There have been decades-long battles over the construction of a central repository under Nevada’s Yucca Mountain and the transport of such waste through American communities.

Nilsson is from Sweden, where nuclear generation accounts for nearly half of all electricity, and he sees it as key to the future of energy in the U.S. At UCI since 2009, he’s heartened by developments under President Obama, including a blue-ribbon commission set up to examine future options for nuclear energy, such as recycling. An initial report is expected in July. In addition, UCI is joining six other universities and four federal laboratories in a new consortium organized by the National Nuclear Security Administration to explore matters related to the prevention of security breaches.

“I’m a believer in nuclear power, because coal has its own issues, and solar doesn’t always work if it’s nighttime or you’re in Seattle,” Nilsson said. “Any technology can be misused. Nuclear gives you a lot of power 24 hours a day, seven days a week, without any release of carbon dioxide. And we have large amounts of uranium and other natural resources available, if they’re used and reused right.”

Albert Yee, chair of the chemical engineering & materials science department, says: “It’s fabulous having Mikael in our department” because unlike many, he’s not put off by the thorny legal and environmental challenges associated with nuclear energy research.

“Mikael looks at it and says, ‘OK, it’s a problem. But it’s a problem we won’t have if we do something about it.’ For example, what do you do with the waste we have to live with, thanks to the advent of nuclear power? We’re just putting it off, literally burying it, and here we have a young professor who’s tackling it head-on. So he’s very courageous, very timely, and I think he will do a lot of great science.”

Nilsson notes that it was American researchers at Tennessee’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory who discovered in the late 1940s that plutonium and uranium – both key ingredients in nuclear fission – could be separated from other poisonous elements and returned to production.

Reprocessing has long been done in France, the United Kingdom and Russia – more recently in Japan and India. There has been hot debate in the U.S. and elsewhere about the practice, centered on accidental and controlled radioactive emissions into air and water and concern about the potential theft of plutonium by terrorists.

President Ford suspended commercial plutonium recycling in 1976 due to fears the material could be stolen for nuclear weapons proliferation. President Carter banned all commercial reprocessing a few months later. President Reagan lifted the ban, but no public subsidies were granted for costly start-ups. That may be changing.

But U.S. regulations allow no radioactive emissions from reprocessing plant smokestacks, which Nilsson calls a “zero tolerance” policy. In England, by contrast, controlled releases of some elements are allowed in amounts that quickly disperse in air or ocean water. Nilsson and other scientists believe the releases are well below dangerous levels. He also notes that there have been no thefts of plutonium from spent fuel stockpiles – but adds that it’s safer to get these radioactive materials back into production than let them sit.

At his security-conscious laboratory, Nilsson and his graduate students are attempting to isolate dozens of remaining elements in nuclear waste and simulate their effects so that they can be recycled or destroyed. Some, such as neptunium and other so-called “daughters of americium,” are among the most toxic and have very long half-lives. The elements are especially hard to recycle because they’re miniscule and mimic each other’s properties, making them extremely difficult to separate.

“We’re down to very small things, so it becomes more complex,” Nilsson said. He and his fellow researchers use a glove box outfitted with long, black hands to reach into an enclosed area and handle radioactive objects – which, he says, are all low dosage and not a major risk. But Nilsson and his team are careful. The laboratory doors are always locked, there are no seams in the floor that could trap material, and everyone uses a hand and foot sensor each time they exit to see if they’ve inadvertently come into contact with radiation.

“I’m not worried,” Nilsson said. “I see opportunities, not problems.”


The Tiger And the Dragon in a Hot Race to Woo Africa New Delhi Offers $5 Billion
East Africa News online: 29 May 2011

East African nations have become the latest target of the battle heating up between India and China for control of Africa’s economic landscape.

The region raked in a huge chunk of the $5 billion from New Delhi last week as a loans package to finance key infrastructure projects.

While India has lagged behind its Asian rival China in bagging deals and projects in Africa, the funding deal announced in Addis Ababa has awakened many observers to the fact that the former is harbouring a grand agenda for the continent.

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who announced the funding was on a six-day trip to Africa, attending the India-Africa summit in Addis Ababa Ethiopia as he sought to deepen economic ties with African nations.

With the support of their government, Indian firms are increasingly making more and strategic entries into East Africa and the Continent in general, targeting the expected windfall in telecoms, mineral extraction, engineering and consumer goods markets, a field Chinese firms have previously dominated.

“Its clear India like China has realised Africa is the next frontier for their growth. What we are seeing is a competition for new markets and resources between the two, ” said Kuria Muchiru, Senior Partner and Country Leader for Kenya at audit firm PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).

“There is a lot of investor interest in Africa by Indian firms, ” said Mr Muchiru.

Trade figures have been telling of the strengthening ties between India and Africa, a co-operation 16 African Heads of State agreed to support in the coming years, as they turned to South-to South relations to grow their economies. Statistics show total bilateral trade between India and African countries stood at $46 billion in 2010, up from the $3 billion in 2000 and it is estimated to clock $70 billion by 2015.

Comparatively China’s bilateral trade with Africa stood at about $200 billion back in 2009.

The new funding will be disbursed as credit to countries, in addition to the $5.4 billion that India offered Africa at the first India-Africa summit in New Delhi in 2008, said Singh.

Among the key projects to have received a boost is the proposed Ethiopia-Djibouti railway to be contracted at a cost of $300 million. The African Union mission in Somalia would also benefit from the financing with a pledge of $2 million while African airlines will get increased access to Indian cities in what Singh said was a unique partnership between the two regions. Singh said India would offer an additional $700 million for new institutions and training programmes.

India is not hiding its intentions. “The people of Africa and India stand at the threshold of a historic opportunity. There is a new economic growth story emerging from Africa. Africa possesses all the prerequisites to become a major growth pole of the world,” Singh told African Union leaders in Ethiopia.
“The India-Africa partnership is unique and owes its origins to history and our common struggle against colonialism, apartheid, poverty, disease, illiteracy and hunger. But African states do not only expect from India, but we believe we are able to give back. India is able to count on the support of Africa,” said Singh.
Leading Indian technology companies including Bharti Airtel, Mahindra Satyam, Infosys and Tata are among the firms ramping up efforts in Africa to increase their presence in the region. Bharti has presence in 15 African countries, after it acquired the African assets of Kuwait’s Zain mid last year at nearly $10 billion. This has delivered rivalry to the doorsteps of European mobile telephone giants, Vodafone and Orange which have previously dominated the market.

African countries have also been reaching out to Indian investors as they seek to boost their economies. In October last year, Rwanda sent a 25-member business delegation to India scouting for partners and investors to give a boost to the soft and physical infrastructure sectors back home.

Rwanda’s interest

Several Indian firms have shown interest in investing in Kigali promising to start big projects worth millions of dollars in information technology, mining, agro-processing, education, pharmaceuticals and energy. Rwanda Development Board (RDB), a government agency created to facilitate investments says at least 26 Indian companies–including Essar Group, Tata Group and Karox Company–had shown interest towards the end of last year.

“The whole world is looking at India, China and Brazil. Even American investors want to go to India,” RDB chief executive John Gara said. In November, Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping visited South Africa, Angola and Botswana signing deals worth millions of dollars to build a power plant, solar panel factory and to increase South African exports to China.

Chinese state-owned firms led by China National Offshore Company (CNOOC) have of late been major players in the oil exploration business in EAC region. In Kenya for example two Indian-based companies — Gleen Investment and Sanghi Cement– were given a green light to construct cement plants in Ortum and Sebit area in Pokot respectively. Sanghi cement of India which manages one of the world’s largest single stream cement plants–producing over 20 million tonnes annually–is to invest over $80 million in its cement plant in Kenya, giving it a footprint it plans to use to supply the region market such as in South Sudan.
Gleen Investment, a unit of conglomerate Mehta Group plans to put up a 1.2 million-metric tonne cement plant in West Pokot, to cost about $200 million in a programme that will be scaled up depending on the available limestone deposits. Indian Reliance Group associated with the Ambani brothers together with Bharti Airtel and the Tata Group had bid for a 51 per cent stake in monopoly Telkom Kenya but lost out to France Telecom’s Orange. Indian second largest mobile phone service provider Essar Group has already made one foray in Africa with the launch of the Yu brand in Kenya in 2008. Essar Energy which owns a 50 per cent stake in Kenya’s oil refinery in Mombasa, having invested $600 million is said to be looking for opportunities in Uganda following recent discovery of oil reserves in the Lake Albertine rift basin.
India – Tanzania

Indian companies and businesses in Tanzania are valued at about US$1.3 billion, creating about 32,000 jobs through direct investments and joint venture projects. In total, the India-Tanzania bilateral trade stood at US$1.1 billion up to the end of 2010.

This year, Tanzanian Industry, Trade and Marketing minister Cyril Chami said at least seven Indian companies are expected to build factories at a cost of $250 million and create over 6,000 jobs.

Mr Singh held discussions with President Kikwete on various protocols aimed at strengthening India-Tanzania co-operation in various economic and social sector projects. Last year, Tanzania’s exports value to India stood at $132.5 million while imports hit $596.7 million.

Chocolate-Fueled Car—Dennis Fisher


The testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple. —Psalm 19:7

Many people like both the sweetness and the energy they get from chocolate. Yet British auto technicians have found a surprising use for this sweet food. Scientists at the University of Warwick have built a racecar that runs on vegetable oils and chocolate. The fuel provides energy so that the car can reach top speeds of 135 mph.

The Bible also records a surprising source of energy from a food. When Elijah had been used by God on Mt. Carmel to call fire down from heaven, this spiritual high was followed by persecution and melancholy. In response to Elijah’s depression, God sent an angel to provide food, drink, and rest for the weary prophet. The sustaining power of that food from heaven was remarkable: “So he arose, and ate and drank; and he went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights as far as Horeb, the mountain of God” (1 Kings 19:8).

Just as we need food to sustain our physical lives, we also need nourishing food for our spiritual lives. God’s Word is “sweeter . . . than honey and the honeycomb” (Ps. 19:10) and feeds our souls. It makes “wise the simple” (v.7) and provides both nourishment and energy for life’s long journey. Take time to feed on it.

God’s Word provides the nourishment
That every Christian needs to grow,
Supplying strength from day to day
By teaching what we need to know.

God feeds us through His Word.

World: Climate summits, technologies, economic institutional philosophies

The world political scene has had several climate summits. The most recent one was held in Cancun, Mexico, ending last week.

Under the new, green technologies angle, a related article appeared in NewVisions, a Ugandan publication, authored by UK independent journalist, Gwynne Dyer, titled “New technologies solution to climate change”

– – – –

Gwynne Dyer wrote:

Wind turbines, solar panels and the like tend to be more expensive than cheap and dirty coal-fired power stations. If the developing countries choose the more expensive option, who pays the difference? The old rich countries who landed them in this dilemma, of course.

People in the rich countries do not even understand that history, so they are still a long way from accepting that deal. It might be years before it happens. May be too many years.

– – – –

Today, politics, climate, rich vs poor countries and economic development, are all blended together into a poor quality soup.

On its face, it is a relatively good thing to promote shifts in technologies away from our current Age of Petroleum and Coal fuels.

A leading premise strongly debated in today’s forums is whether human industrial exhaust of green-house gasses is The Decisive Part of climate change across our planet. A majority of spokespersons in the already developed world proclaim loudly YES to that idea. The USA political conservatives shout back, NO, That is Fraud!

You can also find some astronomers in the planetary sciences field who detect that global climate change is currently observable at places such as Mars or Uranus as well as our own planet.

My perspective is that of a person who has for decades been a fan for both alternative energy technologies, and economic development / industrialization of our surrounding solar system. That leads to the ideas in which such enterprises would be coping on a very large scale with human habitation activities surrounded by environments very different than what we take for granted on the ground in many nations on this planet today. Built environments, “Closed Cycle environments & life support systems”, (CELS), are thus an important conceptual aspect, if such endeavors would be economically viable. The concept arises when we start to think about large scale economic development activity in locations near some of the asteroids, for example.

The carry over of such ideas may be important in situations where earthly food crop harvests must be kept going, even if temperature ranges and precipitation features at the selected agricultural geographical locations might shift away from what have been recent past historical averages and visibilities. How to do so at large scales quickly and avoidably thus should become a high priority topic to be supported and pursued by many institutional entities Those entities may span the whole spectrum from individuals, companies, and on up thru UN agencies or their contractors.

In the era prior to the late 1930-s through WW-2, and afterward, for USA / Europe / Japan / China, centralized national governments dominance in technologies innovation and science research support (strongly steered by national security / military motives) was not the big thing that it is today. Also, nearly 10 decades in the past, business planning, with the future in mind, not ignoring things further away than the coming 18 months, was much more in style than it currently is in USA economic culture. Hence today’s grid-locked, blame-fingers-pointing, calls on national / international governmental entities to Save Us From Doom, need not be the only way for things to go forward from now.

In his X-Files USA TV series and film produced by Chris Carter, an interesting slogan is displayed. “The Truth Is Out There”. Perhaps some diligent investigators, shining light into the shadows, and even looking for things hidden in plane sight, should be encouraged to search for, attempt to shake loose, certain rumored New Physics, Exotic Technologies, which may be sitting on rather dusty and shelves. Concerned and enlightened, publicly spirited outsiders, may deserve access to such things.

A technology milestone prise was won a few years ago. The Voyager airplane became the first ever to fly around the world non-stop without taking on more fuel. One of the science fiction authors, perhaps Jerry Pournell, quoted a video news clip filmed upon its landing. One of its 2 crew members walked back to the plane, placing a hand on it, then said, “this is what free persons do”.

– – octimotor

Kenya: Nokia Stole an Idea from Young Kenyan Innovators

From: Theus


I have been following the Story of the two Kenyan Pascal and Murimi
who invented the dynamo charger and were even featured in a BBC
article here

In June this year Nokia launched a bicycle charger which is the same
idea wakina Pascal and Murimi showcased in 2008.

Now the students sued Nokia in October this year and Nokia has now
started bribing the student’s lawyer and also the court prosecutors
with intention to scuttle the case.

Is this the justice we have been looking for?

The problem is that Kenya ICT Board and Dr Bitange Ndemo doesnt care
much about that but instead have been receiving free gifts from Nokia
in monetary and handsets form

Is this just?

Nokia must compensate Pascal Katana and Jeremiah Murimi


Kenya: Understanding Why Solar Is King of Energy to mitigate Climate Change

from amenya gibson

First I applaud Rudisha for making Kenyans proud,in spite of looming fuel prices hikes that are in offing and well planned to make Kenyans poor and poorer during this festive season.

However I wish to discuss more on Renewable Energy and what we can do to establish more energy projects in Kenya

The words ‘renewable’ and ‘sustainable’ are being knocked around quite a bit, and both are strongly associated with energy conservation.

We can say Renewable forms of energy constantly replenish themselves with little or no human effort.

Solar energy is just one example — no matter how much you use, the supply will never end (okay, it may end after billions of years, but your using solar power won’t make the sun burn out any faster).

Other examples of renewables include firewood, water (through hydroelectric dams), and wind power.

Note, however, that firewood is notoriously polluting; the term renewable does not necessarily imply good environmentalism.

Firewood also has another potentially severe drawback in that people go out into forests and cut down trees, often without much thought to the overall health of the forest (a good example of not seeing the forest from the trees).

To make sure that resources last, humans need to focus on conservation, recycling, environmental restoration, and renewable energy sources.

Sustainability is commonly associated with such a holistic approach to personal lifestyle.

Not only are sustainable forms of energy renewable, but they also have the ability to keep the planet Earth’s ecosystem up and running, in perpetuity. Sustainable energy, such as solar, is nonpolluting to the greatest extent possible.

The basic notion behind sustainable energy sources is that by their use, society is not compromising future generations’ health and well-being, nor their ability to use their own sustainable resources to any less capacity than we have.

Who can argue with this very fundamental version of the Golden Rule?

Solar power has historically been more expensive than other energy options, but that’s changing fast because of investment in new technologies, as well as the simple fact that many more people are investing in solar, which results in economies of scale.

Solar energy equipment increases your financial standing in basically two ways:

Savings on your monthly bills.
Appreciation of your home’s value.
Going solar will be a great investment, both financially and environmentally.

In short, if you install solar, you’ll be relatively risk free from exploding energy costs. Showing a little appreciation When you go solar, your home value goes up.

How can this be? Solar is catching on, and home buyers are willing to pay more for solar homes that promise energy savings.

We have to embrace solar energy in Kenya and this can be realized through solar programs being aggressively established in Kenya as Kenya plenty of solar energy.


Gibson Amenya and Esther Kagendo are members of Kenya Young Greens

We aim to promote green energy in Kenya


From: b wad

Dear all

Ave seen in papers the work of this one Evans wadongo who is distributing solar powered lanterns in rural Kenya. He is has been nominated for CNN HEROEs 2010—–VOTING IS UNDERWAY……LETS VOTE FOR HIM as many times as possible at SO THAT HE CAN CONTINUE THE GOOD WORK…..
Please, inform all your friends, family and workmates.

By voting, you will be representing thousands of poor women, men and children who have benfited from Sustainable Development For All’s work under the ‘Use Solar, Save Lives’ program, who are in poor rural communities with no access to internet.



Follow Me on Twitter:

Uganda: Museveni tell the African bishops to promote development and social transformation

Writes Leo Odera Omolo

PRESIDENT Yoweri Museveni on Wednesday evening hosted the visiting African and foreign Bishops to a dinner at State House Entebbe. The prelates are here for the second All Africa Bishops Conference in Entebbe at Imperial Resort Beach Hotel which ends tomorrow.

As they arrived atop the hill at snail pace in three minibuses, many were awe struck by the breath taking beauty of the palatial structure, imposing majestically over Entebbe town. They ate and drank, with the President who called on them to champion social economic transformation.

“It is very important that the church leaders, political leaders and traditional leaders understand that social-economic transformation is the main problem in Africa”, the President said.
Museveni told them that as shepherds of the people of Africa, they ought to appreciate that Africans are among the most under-developed in the world.

African societies, he stressed, must undergo changes from peasant, feudal settings to middle class and skilled working class societies, according to a state House Press release.
He noted that Bishops had plenty of time to interact with the people and pass on the message of social transformation.

The President asked the Church leaders to encourage people to work and not to sit idly thinking God would make things happen miraculously. Archbishop Henry Luke Orombi of the Church of Uganda assured his fellow prelates that the people of Uganda were hospitable and open hearted.

He thanked President Museveni for his support to the conference, saying over 300 bishops had attended the conference.
Yesterday, the bishops deliberated on ways through which the church could fight against climate change and food insecurity.

In a keynote presentation, Dr. Rose Mwebaza, a senior legal advisor on environment at the Nairobi-based Institute of Security Studies, said the continent was bound to suffer endless hunger and high disease burden due to climate change.

“The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) says the greatest hunger in the world is in Africa. And climate change is going to exacerbate the problem through increased drought, floods and disease burden,” Mwebaza said.

She challenged the clergy to mobilise believers to start up simple energy technologies like biogas and reduce dependence on wood and curb deforestation


Waste to Energy Power Plant

from Dave Marlin
subject Waste to Energy Power Plant
Wed, Aug 4, 2010

Offering the Worlds Most Energy Productive Gasification Technology

Proven technology allows us to process previously unusable waste material to create electricity to power our schools, businesses and homes. This is a great opportunity to profit while solidifying a cleaner environment for future generations.

The system is for gasifying Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), tires, as well as multiple feedstocks and turning them into steam that creates electricity.

It’s important to note this IS NOT AN INCINERATOR – IT IS A GASIFIER

read more . . .

perpetual free energy

From: maina ndiritu

Guys , any thoughts on the prospects of discovering perpetual free energy ? the idea has been there for decades and research on the matter has been an on-going vision, it is believed that Tesla [ the scientist] had discovered a way to split electricity in two Ethers thereby creating the first limitless free energy.

However the American government on the death of Tesla confiscated all his discoveries , it was in the war time years and they thought his brilliant technology was a threat to the state .

After the war they did not release the materials so as to enable study and research, supposedly It went down bad with the major power producers .

With his discoveries , it would have been possible to power the entire world from a single source , he had proposed Niagara falls.

Imagine a world where there would be free energy, that would surely upset a lot of conglomerates and change the geopolitical landscape