Category Archives: Crime


News Dispatch with Omolo Joachim

FRIDAY, JULY 29, 2016

Several suggestions have been made to end the burning of schools in Kenya. One particular suggestion is that schools must have a school discipline policy which is developed in consultation with school community members containing four components:

1. The discipline code or school rules

2. Strategies and practices to promote positive student behaviour, including specific strategies to maintain a climate of respect

3. Strategies and practices to recognise and reinforce student achievement

4. Strategies and practices to manage inappropriate student behaviour.

In order to achieve this goal they suggest that the school discipline policy must:

1. be consistent with legislation and reflect government and departmental policy

2. Incorporate the principles of procedural fairness

3. Be developed within a strong student welfare context

4. Reflect the identified needs of the community

5. Outline expected standards of behaviour

6. Define the responsibilities of teachers, students and parents.

The other suggestion is that all students and staff to be treated fairly and with dignity in an environment free from disruption, intimidation, harassment, victimisation and discrimination. To achieve this, all schools are expected to maintain high standards of discipline.

Principals must ensure that students, staff and parent(s) and carer(s) are provided with opportunities to contribute to the development of the policy and that staff are provided with training and development opportunities in behaviour management.

There are some who suggest that students’ welfare, whose function is to ensure that any need arising from the students, is catered for and must be attended to accordingly. The need may arise from lack of school fees or lack of necessities. The welfare must ensure a comfortable environment for the students.

There are others who want schools to be closed immediately to enable stakeholders to investigate possible links among principals, teachers, students, residents, politicians, local suppliers and exam leaks cartels in arson areas.

While others are suggesting that students’ views should be included in key decision making bodies such as the Board of Managements, Parent Teacher Associations and special management committees. In addition, preferred channels of harnessing students’ views included notice boards, prefect body, assemblies, and class meetings.

In Many High schools in Kenya communication is disproportional and unfair as communication was one way- a form of telling and instructing students – rather than encouraging dialogue and open discussion between student and school administrators. Further, communication channels that fostered dialogue and open discussion were unpopular and little used. These included the baraza system, student council, open forums and student parliaments. In other words, student participation in secondary schools is still wanting and needed to be expanded to include issues beyond student welfare issues.

Determine the influence of school location on head teacher management of student welfare services and how home-school partnership of head teacher influences student welfare services and also to establish the extent to which gender, academic qualification, administrative experience and age of the head teacher influence management of students welfare services.

Other Kenyans think that lack of parents support and delayed government funds, which make planning and acquisition of essential materials difficult is to blame. Therefore this commends that the head teachers look for ways of educating the parents on their roles in providing services for their sons and daughters. The government should also to stick to specific time line for disbursing the supporting funds to the schools in order for them to better provide welfare services to the students.

Since high quality teaching staffs are the cornerstone of a successful education system in Kenya, some Kenyans suggest that teachers should be motivated. Although in many schools in Kenya school fee structure includes motivation fees for teachers, in most cases teachers are not motivated. Many studies have associated motivational factors to enhanced job performance, positive work values, high levels of employee motivation, and lower rates turnover and burnout.

While these ideas are good, one thing which is not is about money looting in High schools. According to recent survey by the Auditor General Edward Ouko on financial statements from the Ministry of Education, the Government is losing millions of shillings of capitation funds in public schools through inflated enrollment figures.

Ministry figures indicate that the State remits Sh28 billion annually to all public secondary schools to benefit 2.2 million students. Another Sh14 billion is sent to primary schools to benefit about 10 million children annually. The survey revealed that secondary school heads collect another Sh116.6 billion in school fees from parents annually. This is despite Treasury Cabinet Secretary Henry Rotich increment of Sh32.7 billion set aside to cater for free day secondary schools. Another Sh14.1 billion, Mr Rotich said, would facilitate free primary education.

The report reveals that 36 schools awarded tenders worth Sh26.1 million through indirect procurement instead of open tendering as required by the Public Procurement and Disposal Act, 2005. It also indicates that some schools awarded tenders to suppliers who were not vetted by the tender committees. And the queries did not end there. A scrutiny of financial records of 24 schools revealed that funds were transferred from one account to another without requisite authority.

A total of Sh15.7 million in four schools was transferred irregularly as at June 30, 2014. A review of the position in March, 2015 revealed that some schools had refunded Sh13.7 million to the original accounts, leaving an outstanding amount of Sh1.9 million.

In most cases school bursars are the beneficiaries. You get a bursar earning ksh 30,000 and he or she is able to build decent house, taking his children to academy schools from baby class to high school. Ministry of education auditors are part of the system, unless private auditors are involved.
Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
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Reports Leo Odera Omolo

The government efforts to stamp out thuggery in Uriri sub – county in Migori is being derailed by politicians who preening themselves and requesting the arresting authorities and courts to have the suspects released from the lawful custody before suspected criminals are punished for their crimes .

Uriri sub – county commissioner George Kibet Lagat has expressed concern saying that each time the Aps working the in area nabbed a suspect criminal and handed them to the police to prosecuted the politicians intervene by pleading with the arresting authority to released the suspect .This has made the work of the police in the area difficult and thwarted his concerted efforts to get rid of rampant waves of crime in the sub – county .

The politician, said Lagat include the unnamed MPS and MCAS. These Leaders Should allow the police to do their job. We are here to serve citizens of the area and ensure they live in peace and their lives and properties protected , we therefore need the co-operation of all the local politicians and community leaders .

The suspect criminals who earned their freedom after the intervention of t he politicians usually come back home and continue with their criminal activities while bragging of being untouchable because o f their god fathers .This must stop .The police and courts must be free to discharge their lawful duties.

Lagat cited the example of a hard-core criminal who is a suspect in several cases of burglaries,house breaking assault, robberies and other serious crimes who was recently nabbed by he APS AT Rapogi center and handed over to the police ,but ws quickly released after unnamed senior politician phoned to th arresting authority before the man could be taken to the court in Migori to answer numerous criminal charges.

The commissioner says the politician have their role to play in the society while the local administration and the police plays pivotal role in protecting citizens and their properties and as such should be left alone to carry out their work.



from: joachim omolo ouko
News Dispatch with Father Omolo Beste

About 500 bishops from around the continent are set to converge in Harare on November 28 for a two-day annual bishop’s conference meant to tackle women and child abuse cases in Africa. Last year it was reported that a young girl from Malawi by the name Grace went under horrible sexual ritual.

She learned she’d be going to a camp with her friends, she was thrilled. Every girl around her age in her southern Malawi village would attend the rite of passage. When she got she was told she is to sleep with a man and get rid of child ‘dust.’ If you don’t do it, your body will get diseased”, she was warned.

A demonstration involved one girl lying down, with one of the older women on top. “You should be dancing and have a man on top of you, making him happy,” she was told. At age 10, Grace was being taught how to have sex.

Like the other girls in the village, Grace had been sent to camp with her family’s blessings. This is because everyone makes sure their child goes to initiation ceremony because you will not be accepted in the community.

The Education Commission of the Catholic Bishops Conference of Malawi has released figures indicating that more than 27,000 girls dropped out of primary school in the country between 2010 and 2013 due to early marriages.

The Commission warned that unless the trend is reversed, Malawi would not achieve the Millennium Development Goal on universal primary education by the end of 2015. It went further to say that child marriage remains one of the main obstacles to education for young girls in Malawi where many girls are married before they are 18 years old.

The country’s official minimum marriage age is 15 years. The Education Commission has called upon faith-based communities and traditional leaders to join it in its campaign to have the minimum age raised to 18 years.

The conference which will be mainly made up of apostolic bishops will be held at Belvedere Teacher’s College and is also set to tackle child marriage problems in the region. Apostolic Christian Council of Zimbabwe (ACCZ) president Johannes Ndanga, who is co-ordinating the conference, said the gathering will educate and conscientise the bishops on human rights abuses.

The conference that ends on November 29 will be attended by a number of both apostolic and non-apostolic bishops from Malawi, Kenya, Nigeria and Zimbabwe, among other countries. Zimbabwe is adjudged one of the 41 countries in the world with an unacceptable rate of child marriages.

According to a 2012 report based on data collected by UNFPA during the years 2000 to 2011, the country’s prevalence of child marriage, was at 31percent, and was among 41 nations with the highest rates of child marriages.

Zimbabwe sits at number 39. This comes amid fears that if child marriages were not curbed through legislative measures, the figures could escalate with girls continuing to be deprived of their childhood.

Another 2012 United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) report states that if child marriage was not outlawed by countries practising it by 2030, the number of child brides would grow from 14,2 million girls in 2010 to 15,1 million girls in 2030.
Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
Facebook-omolo beste


From: Charles Banda

A well known trained journalist Denis Chirwa who is the son of Former Army Brigadier and Currently Malawi’s Ambassador to Kenya has died. It is believed that Denis met his fate at a night out in Nairobi Kenya were he was stabbed to death by unknown thugs.

Denis who nicknamed himself after Former President as Chair was well known in social media circus for his love of Former President Bakili Muluzi,he was also an on and off online journalist who used to show case his skills in writing about Malawi Politics.

Denis Chirwa was currently studying at Kenya’s Catholic University.


Africa: Illicit Financial Flows (ADF Issue Paper) 2014

From: Yona Maro

Financing developmental efforts in Africa has proved to be costly in the past, compelling the continent to rely on external sources known as overseas development assistance. This type of assistance is often unevenly distributed, unsustainable, and in some cases, damaging to the national economies in the long run. Lessons learned from the Millennium Development Goals have prompted a fresh wave of thinking towards a post-2015 transformative developmental framework designed to ensure self-reliance for Africa. However, a structural transformation agenda will require an adequate, predictable, sustainable and integrated financing mechanism geared towards financing developmental goals (Abugre and Ndomo, 2014). Also, the continent must embark on reforms to capture currently unexplored or poorly managed resources. This includes curtailing illicit financial flows and rather transforming those funds into a powerful tool for enhancing domestic resource mobilization, as a way of furthering the continent’s development.

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One of 300 kidnapped Nigerian schoolgirls shares story of her dramatic escape

From: ‘frank patrick materu’

Escaped from Boko Haram
On Friday, September 26, 2014 11:41 AM, “ANS@ wrote:
ASSIST News Service (ANS) – PO Box 609, Lake Forest, CA 92609-0609 USA
Visit our web site at: — E-mail:

Thursday, September 25, 2014

One of 300 kidnapped Nigerian schoolgirls shares story of her dramatic escape

By Mark Ellis

Senior Correspondent, ASSIST News Service

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (ANS) — She was only 18, a high school senior, when she was awakened from her school dormitory at 11:34 p.m. by the sounds of gunfire. The terror group Boko Haram had overrun Chibok and was headed for her school.

“I called my father and he said we should not go anywhere,” says Saa, a pseudonym used for her protection. “He said we should gather ourselves together and pray so God will help us.” Saa is a Christian and her father is the pastor of Nigeria Church of the Brethren.

Her riveting testimony was given at a September 19th forum hosted by the Hudson Institute and supported by the Jubilee Campaign for religious freedom.

When Boko Haram entered the school on the evening of April 14th, the teachers and staff had already fled. When the gun-toting extremists entered her dorm room, Saa didn’t realize at first it was Boko Haram – but that soon became clear.

“They said if we shouted or tried to run away they would kill us. We didn’t know what to do. We were scared. A girl showed them where we kept our food, because it was a boarding school. They packed the food on large trucks and all the property. They gathered us near the gates and started bombing the school,” she recounts.

The girls were herded under a large tree and then loaded into trucks. “They said if we didn’t want to go they will kill us,” Saa says.

Three girls would not fit on the trucks and the jihadists questioned them about their faith. An intense verbal altercation erupted between the jihadists over whether to free or kill the three. One of them felt strongly any non-Muslim should die.


Share See all ASSIST News articles at

Mark Ellis is a senior correspondent for ASSIST News Service and the founder of He is available to speak to groups about the plight of the church in restricted countries, to share stories and testimonies from the mission field, and to preach the gospel.


Writes Leo Odera Omolo.

Sleuths from the Kenya Ethics and Anti Corruption Commission {KEACC} have been dispatched  to Migori County government to investigate the alleged corruption. They have  detected and queried various loopholes in procurement, unsupported claims estimated to be  slightly in excess of colossal amount of taxpayers’ money to the tune of Kshs 400 million.

Sources both in Nairobi  and Migori quoted an official of the anti graft commission George Nyabuga as having confirmed the deployment of the sleuths at the MIGORI county offices to investigate extravagant withdrawal of money, and some payments made to phantom people and organizations.

The reports painted the County government as having gone with recklessness and extravagant spending spree.  Among the organizations considered as undeserving is the Nairobi-based Gor Mahia Football Club, which is said in the reported to have received KSHS 168,000 for unexplained reasons..

A management reports which is already in the public domain shows how a clerical officer working as Personal assistant {PA} to the governor called Caspal Obiero extravagantly claimed a total of  Kshs 16 million for traveling and accommodation allowances. The officer mentioned is reported to have at one time drawn three huge claims on one day from the cashier.

The report shows that the county staff extravagantly drew unsupported impress amounting  to KSHS 32  millions. Queries have also been raised about the air-tickets bought for the governor Zachary Okoth Obado and a delegation  for travels for local and international destinations travels.

“Payment voucher number 1842 issued on 24th December 2013 and paid for in cash money to Elsuco Tours  and Travels through Invoice  number218 dated 23 December 2013 indicates that the tickets were bought for the governor’s wife Mrs Hellen Odie Obado and 12 other persons to travel to Mombasa for the colossal amount of Kshs 616,200.”

The audit report is questioning the identities of the 12 people who had traveled  with the governor to Mombasa on the eve of Christmas their titles, role and assignment to county government.

The report further revealed that the delegation were booked at the posh hotel called Amani Tiwi Resort and the Migori County government footed the accommodation bill of Kshs 1.7 million for their accommodation and meals.

Other questionable payments which the auditor gave queried include the KSHS 147.9 million for the unauthorized purchase of motor vehicles..Abuse of Kshs 1.8for the preparation of tender documents. Kshs 15.3 million for the undelivered vehicles Such other payments include Kshs 24.4 million traveling and accommodation.  Another KSHS 10 million was spent for for the alleged hire of equipment for unspecified work. And another sums of Kshs 10 million for the purchase of plastic water tanks.

There was another trip by Governor Obado to the US WITH aNOTHER MAN Called Moses Chamwada US where the air-tickets were bought for him and another person called Moses Chamwada for KSHS 947,588.the deal has also been questioned by the auditors after the passports of the two were not provided or produced to justify and confirm the claims whether the trip actually took place.

Governor Obado on his part has rubbished and dismissed the report as witch hunting.

“The county may be buying air-tickets for people people who are not its employees,” observed the report.



From: Juma Mzuri

The SADC Ministerial Committee of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation (MCO) meeting in Swakopmund, Namibia, noted with grave concern the blatant and disproportionate attacks against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, by the State of Israel which has resulted in the deaths and suffering of defenseless Palestinian civilians, mostly women, children and the elderly.

The SADC MCO supports the resolution adopted by the United Nations Human Rights Council on 23 July 2014, which, inter alia, called for an independent investigation into the unwarranted atrocities committed by the Israeli forces against the civilian population of Gaza which may be in violation of humanitarian law and international law principles. The SADC MCO condemns the indiscriminate Israeli bombardment from land, air and sea and the killing of hundreds of innocent civilians.

The SADC MCO further condemns the deliberate and systematic targeting and willful destruction of hospitals, schools, mosques, houses and other critical civilian infrastructures.

The SADC MCO therefore calls for an immediate ceasefire and for the Government of Israel and the Hamas to engage in a monitored dialogue. The Government of Israel and the Hamas are further urged to cooperate with the United Nations Secretary General and others, in their efforts to facilitate a ceasefire and to allow for unfettered humanitarian assistance to reach the wounded and all those in need.

The SADC MCO reaffirms the SADC peoples’ unflinching solidarity with the Palestinian people in their quest to realize their right to self-determination and an independent state of their own, living in peace, side-by-side, with the state of Israel.


WRITES our investigative Reporter

It has emerged that the super-conman who is reported to have swindled the SIAYAGOVERNOR Cornell RASANGA amoth and the headmistress of a Girls High SCHOOL in Rarieda once landed at the school’s compound in a helicopter in the comp0any of two white accomplices to impress the school management how important and how genuine he was with his fake ICT UN agency funded ICT project.

THe fake ICT project coordinator and fake investor once flew in an helicopter and landed in the school with two Whiteman whom he claimed had come from the donor and UN agency just to intimidate the school management and impress upon them how important person he was. His two white companions did not talk or utter any word. The man using the presumed name as Prof. Ngugi addressed the students’ teachers at the school assembly. However, his two white companion did not speak. The group were lavishly entertained with executive meal and alcohol beverage at the school’s expense.

The Headmistress of St Mary’s Lwak Girls HIGH school took the man into confidence and even allocated him a temporary building for his accommodation and even allowed him the use of the school’s facilities such as stationery, rubber stamps and even access to cheque book as if he was not a member of the staff.

The fake investor late while using the school stationery sent out LPOs to suppliers in Kisumu City made some orders for computers. and other equipment worth millions of shilling and he mysteriously disappeared into thin air;

At the same time it emerged that the Siaya governor who gave the man the introduction letter to the school had followed it with a cautionary note and asked the Headmistress to analyze the man and his big claims before entering into any serious business deals. The man according o those who interacted with him was too talkative and talks big things, whiCh appeared to be fdar away from the truth. but the head school teacher ignored the advice from the governor’s office.

The suppliers who were duped to believe the man thought they were in for roaring and booming business and rushed in their supplies. Some of the laptops ended up being distributed to girl-friends of the on man and not all were given to schools as originally planned, and the matter sounded like an American Hollywood movies.

The suppliers have now moved to auctioneers and sought for their assistance in recovering the millions of shillings worth of supplies the made to the school. The invoices and delivery notes were dully signed by the headmistress jointly with the fake investor who turned out to be a super-con man and put the head of one og the prestigious Roman Catholic Mission’s sponsored girls High school in NYANZA REGION.

Kenya and Tanzania struck off list of countries tracked for money laundering

From: Abdalah Hamis

Kenya and Tanzania have been removed from a global watch list of countries not doing enough to tackle money laundering, a downgrade expected to increase the region’s appeal among global investors.

The exit of the two countries from the list leaves Uganda as the only country from the region viewed by the international community as not doing enough to shield its financial sector from acting as a conduit for cleaning and transferring illegally acquired cash.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), a global anti-money laundering agency that sets standards for countries, says while Kenya and Tanzania had taken steps to step up local legal and regulatory frameworks, Uganda has made little progress in sealing these loopholes, citing the country’s failure to establish a legal and regulatory framework to curb the practice.

“Uganda should continue to work on implementing its action plan to address these deficiencies, including by adequately criminalising terrorist financing… establishing and implementing an adequate legal framework for identifying, tracing and freezing terrorist assets,” said the FATF in a statement.

Under rules established by the FATF, member countries are required to put in place laws and institutions that enable them to track suspicious monetary movements through establishing a financial intelligence unit.

It was their failure to set up these laws and institutions that pushed the agency to place Kenya and Tanzania on the list – alongside Iran and North Korea, which have already been slapped with economic sanctions for their appearance on the list.

READ: EA still exposed to channels for transfer of illicit funds

The two countries had been placed on the list by FATF over what the organisation said were delays in enacting laws to tackle the crime as well as failure to establish a local agency to track suspicious monetary transactions.

“The FATF welcomes Tanzania’s significant progress in improving its anti-money laundering regime and notes that Tanzania has established the legal and regulatory framework needed to meet its commitments in its action plan regarding the strategic deficiencies that the FATF had identified in October 2010. Tanzania is therefore no longer subject to FATF’s monitoring process,” said the FATF.

Appearing on the list and the subsequent effects, like economic sanctions, can have devastating effects on economies.

For example, the US has banned its citizens and companies from any business dealings with individuals and corporates from Iran and North Korea, in effect locking them out of the global financial sector and denying them billions of dollars in potential investment and trade inflows.

For a country like Kenya that aims to build a financial hub in Nairobi, being locked out of the global financial market could mean attracting inflows into the country would be virtually impossible.

“To be placed on the grey list means that to do business with Kenyan financial institutions foreign financial institutions will have to be very careful in their financial relations with Kenya. They have to enforce enhanced due diligence in order to do business at all and depending on the jurisdiction, they may not be able engage in the business at all,” said Jan Beens, project coordinator at AML/CFT Kenya.

Again, it would also mean these countries would not be in a position to borrow from the international markets through such avenues as the Eurobond. Kenya last month issued a $2 billion Eurobond while Tanzania plans a similar listing later on this year.

The UN as well as key global powers such as the US have been pushing countries that have weak anti-money laundering laws to enact or strengthen existing legislation to limit abuse of the financial system by criminals and terrorist groups.


Writes Leo Odera Omolo.

The Kenyan press reported this morning that three police officer and two security guards escorting close to Kshs 78 million from a commercial bank located in the suburb of the city of Nairobi disappeared with the largest amount of money last night.

The police have mounted one of the biggest man-hunts for their missing colleagues and the colossal amount of money.

The officials at the Central BANK OF Kenya where the money was being taken to were quoted as saying that the money was still in transit therefore did not belong to them until it is safely delive5ed to them.

The incident is the latest in which huge sums of cash money in transit has gone missing in Kenya. In 2012 more than Kshs 40 million, which was in transit from NAIROBI TO THE South Sudan capita, juba went missing in similar circumstances.

The money was part of the USD 500,000 of cash collected at the Kenya commercial Bank, Moi Avenue, Nairobi.

In the same year, 2012 another large sum went missing after the police escorting guards transporting the cash from the Western Kenya towns of Busia and Kisumu abandoned the vehicle mysteriously by the roadside and disappeared with no trace.

The CENTRAL bank of Kenya has recently devised the new method of safe delivery of bank from the inter-bank transactions, but the situation has remained unchanged as the latest heist attracted the persons entrusted with the escorting and safe custody of the cash are the one who in turn disappeared with it.



From: joachim omolo ouko
News Dispatch with Father Omolo Beste

Teddy from Kwale writes: “Fr Beste following what Joni quoted from Standard digital that Jomo Kenyatta took Kikuyus from Kiambu to illegally allocate them land in Mpeketoni can be concluded that is one of the reasons why Kikuyus were the targets?

Secondly, Internal Secretary Joseph ole Lenku announced the interdiction of the Lamu county police commander Leonard Omollo, Mpeketoni sub county commander Ben Maisori and Hindi area divisional officer a Mr Mutua. President Uhuru Kenyatta confirmed the suspension of the officers the following day. Could this explain why Raila is connected to the attacks?

Thirdly, when Bishop Emanuel Barbara of Malindi, who is also apostolic administrator of the Archdiocese of Mombasa, visited Mpeketoni after the attack he concluded that the attack was carried out by Kenyans and some foreigners.

Bishop Barbara told Fides News Agency that from what he saw he could say that there was an Islamic matrix to these assaults, but it also clear that ethic groups were the main targets. This he said because the assailants killed people based on their ethnicity and religion, what lesson could be learnt from this statement? Thank you.”

Thank you Teddy. Your first question whether land grabbing could be one of the reasons why particular ethnic community was the target we can say yes. This is going with what the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission report of last year condemned that the Mpeketoni land settlement scheme of the 1960s was “unprocedural”, “dubious”, “irregular” and the cause of perpetual tensions in the area.

The TJRC report, which was handed over to President Uhuru Kenyatta last year, also analysed conflicts in Lamu in the context of the Shifta (Kenya-Somali) conflict of the 1960s. The commissioners also factored in historically-rooted threats to peace posed by the proposed construction of the new Lamu Port. It said the Jomo Kenyatta presidency (1964-1978) engaged in setting up.

Your second question whether the interdiction of the Lamu county police commander Leonard Omollo, Mpeketoni sub county commander Ben Maisori and Hindi area divisional officer a Mr Mutua can explain why Raila is connected to the attack is not the issue.

The issue is that targeting Kikuyu communities because of land came in the open in 1992 when Youth for Kanu’92 (YK92), a group co-founded by William Ruto to help Moi retain power in 1992. Kikuyus in the Rift Valley were the targets. The idea was to have them out of the province. Those who resisted were slaughtered alive, properties destroyed, leaving many landless and traumatized.

These attacks continued in 1997 with the worse one on the night of 13 January 1998 when some Pokot and Samburu men attacked Kikuyu communities in the Magande, Survey, Motala, Milimani and Mirgwit areas of Ol Moran in Laikipia. Attackers were armed not only with spears, bows and arrows, but also with guns. Some of the attackers were dressed in military-type clothing.

It was estimated that over 50 Kikuyus were killed during these attacks and over 1000 others fled the area and sought refuge at the Roman Catholic Church at Kinamba, from where they were later relocated to temporary shelters at Sipili and Ol Moran.

On 21 January the same year, about 70 unidentified people invaded three farms in Njoro including one belonging to the newly elected DP Member of Parliament for Molo Constituency, Kihika Kimani. Three days later, groups of what local residents described as Kalenjins attacked Kikuyus in parts of Njoro in the same constituency.

There were varying explanations given for these attacks. One version of events blamed them on the refusal of local Kikuyu traders to supply goods and services to Kalenjins in response to the events in Laikipia.

Another suggested that this was simply an unprovoked attack on Kikuyus by local Kalenjin youths. The attack on Kikuyus on 24 January provoked a counter-attack by a group of apparently well organised Kikuyus, who on 25 January attacked Kalenjin residents of Naishi/Lare in Njoro.

According to police reports, 34 Kikuyus and 48 Kalenjins were killed during these initial attacks and over 200 houses were burnt down. Hundreds of people from both communities were displaced by the fighting, and many of them fled to temporary ‘camps’ at Kigonor, Sururu, Larmudiac mission and Mauche.

Your third question on what Bishop Barbara concluded that the attack was carried out by Kenyans and some foreigners has also been witnessed by some journalists on the ground. The BBC’s Anne Soy reported that the gunmen shot dead anyone who was unable to recite verses from the Koran.

According to the report, the attackers were well organised, and as soon as they finished their mission, they disappeared, supporting the theory that they may be locals. There are long-standing political and ethnic divisions in this area for decades now.

Another report said it could be that local Somalis and Oromos who claim the area as their ancestral home are trying to drive out Kikuyus, who they see as interlopers. Such disputes over land ownership were behind much of the ethnic violence which broke out across Kenya after the disputed 2007 elections.

Although Al-Shabab has said it carried out the attack in order to take revenge on Kenya for the presence of its troops in Somalia, where they are battling the militants, as well as for the killing of radical clerics linked to al-Shabab in the port city of Mombasa, a group of Kenyan Somalis or Oromos could easily wave al-Shabab flags and shout slogans such as Allahu Akbar (God is great) in order to divert blame.

It could also be argued that President Kenyatta would want to downplay the al-Shabab angle in order to try and protect Kenya’s embattled tourist industry. This would also enable him to send Kenya’s security services after some of his political enemies.

It is very unfortunate Teddy that ethnic conflict is now threatening the decades of stability that has set Kenya apart from so many of its neighbors, like Congo, Rwanda, Somalia and Sudan. No one knows exactly when this land disputes and grabbing will end in Kenya.

Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
Facebook-omolo beste

Unholy alliances: Organized crime in Southern Africa

From: Yona Maro

The growth of illicit networks and organized crime in Africa are interwoven into the narrative of independence and statehood on the African Continent. In Africa, as with the world as a whole, criminal activity has integrated itself into the legitimate economy, and the line between legitimate and illegitimate behaviours is increasingly blurred.

[ . . . ]
The objective of the meeting was to serve as a platform to better understand and assess the way that organized crime is engaging with governance, democracy, statehood, human security and development. By bringing together policymakers, practitioners and analysts dealing with these challenges, the Global Initiative hopes to develop a working network among relevant actors and share information that, in turn, can translate into more effective strategies to combat transnational organized crime in the region, or potentially more broadly. While the experiences, trajectories and contexts of each country, and the prevalent organized crime flows and structures with which it is grappling are different, a number of key themes emerged over the course of the meeting:
[ . . . ]

read rest of article at …

Yona Fares Maro
Institut d’études de sécurité – SA

Help repair Gaza’s Ark after the sabotage

From: Gaza’s Ark

When our marine engineer first sent us the list of repairs needed for Gaza’s Ark as a result of the sabotage* of April 29, we were shocked at how long it was. The amount of extra work to be done is huge. In addition, the price of materials is now much higher than it was before Egypt closed the border with Gaza and destroyed the tunnels. Fiberglass, for example, is now four times the price.

Not once, however, have we heard the boat builders complain. Palestinians have the most extraordinary ability to endure. Their steadfastness in the face of adversity and their ability to start over every time their homes, their orchards, or their boats are destroyed is amazing.

Repairs start by removing damaged wood

We now need to assist the boat builders to repair the damage so they can carry on from where they were before the sabotage. We are asking you to help us with this. Repairs are estimated at $30,000. If you want to support a specific repair item, here is the list. Or you can donate to the general funds.

Estimated costs of repairs:
Clean and cut and remove all damaged parts: $1,200
Add hull ribs, transverses and longitudinals: $4,500
Replace two damaged bulkheads: $3,600
Repair damage to the main cabin: $800
Grind and remove part of fiberglass and anti-fouling from hull: $350
Apply fiberglass and paint: $8,800
Replace cable conduits and fix new ones, including replacing some cables: $2,400
Remove and replace plumbing parts as well as some valves, pipes, outlets and intakes: $2,800
Take out fuel, fresh water & sewage tanks for cleaning, change gaskets where needed: $1,100
Take main engine to workshop to clean, change filters and gaskets: $1,200
Replace engine base and fix back in place: $250
Fix new exhaust pipe at the engine part: $280
Remove the clutch, clean, replace flange and fix back in place: $400
Add steel reinforcements inside the hull: $2,200
Check shaft, replace if damaged: TBD

Total: $29,880

Thank you for your continuing support
Gaza’s Ark steering committee

* See


From: joachim omolo ouko
News Dispatch with Father Omolo Beste
MONDAY, JUNE 9, 2014

Dennis from Nairobi writes: “Father Beste, why the hype about the CCTVs it is laughable, that in the advert the footages from the Westgate attack is used, what does it mean? CCTVs were at Westgate but it was still attacked.

All it serves often is historical like audit, and for terror acts the damage will have been done in a big way, for crimes yes it may be useful tracking the perpetrators. Let us differentiate the two that is crime and terrorism.

The later is backed well resource wise and the perpetrators are ready to die and like Obama put it suicide has become a weapon, so you may see the footages but the damage from terrorists will have been done”.

This is a valid argument Dennis. Although Jubilee government hopes placing closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras around some of the targeted areas by terrorists could provide them the clues they’re desperately looking for, as you have properly said these cameras were placed in Westgate Mall but could not enable the government trace the terrorists.

The CCTV showed clearly how one man cowered in front of a cashier desk, but he is immediately spotted by one of the terrorists who shot him at close-range and walked away. Sprawled out in a pool of blood on the shop floor, the man desperately tries to gather the strength to crawl away to safety.

He drags himself up to a sitting position, but falls back on to the tiled flooring. The gunman soon returns and shows the terrified man no mercy, shooting him again. In total at least 67 people died in the September siege – the chilling video clips obtained by the news outlet show just the first day of the bloody massacre.

In another surveillance video the British four-year-old who famously told one of the terrorists that he was a ‘very bad man’ could be seen clearly with his mother and six-year-old sister. His mother, a film producer, had been queuing to buy milk when the militants struck.

She hid under a cold meat counter in the Nakumatt supermarket for an hour-and-a-half with her children beneath her before terrorists finally found them and shot her in the thigh. The trio is shown walking through the supermarket – the mother is pushing an injured child in a trolley.

They are followed by a terrified teenage girl wearing a white top stained with blood, who is walking along with her hands up in the air. Behind them a gunman, brandishing an assault rifle, gestures the way. Bizarrely, the terrorists handed the children Mars bars before they fled. The woman, the children and girl were all eventually released.

Another clip showed the terrorists scouting out a supermarket while chatting on their mobile phones. Al-Shabaab said it remained in contact with the attackers as they battled Kenyan forces during the hostage crisis. At one point it looks as though one of the terrorists is looking for surveillance cameras. The attackers appeared relaxed in several clips – in one quiet period they are even seen taking turns for prayer time.

With this brief background we can categorically say that security cameras cannot help prevent terrorist attacks because once they hit they disappear. You will see them alright, but you will not help since they would have already killed.

Terrorists do not care whether they are caught or not. Again as you have said even in USA CCTV cameras can’t stop terrorist attack. Cameras did not protect against the Boston Bombings. Like Westgate Mall, it only helped catch the perpetrators after the attack. Someone bent on terror does not care about being identified.

Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel was one of the first to demand more cameras in response to the Boston Bombings. New York Republican Rep. Peter King also called for increased CCTV in urban areas.

New York has 3,000 security cameras in Lower Manhattan alone. London leads the world in its surveillance of residents with 500,000 CCTV cameras in London alone. All these have not prevented terrorists from attacks.

Leave alone CCTV, Kenya’s lead counter-terrorism agency received $735 to spend in March. The force is allocated $2,205 quarterly for its operations – for maintenance and fuel for cars, travel expenses and office supplies – in January, February and March, yet this did not stop terrorists from attacks.

The allocation of money was aimed at counterterrorism agency to stop another Westgate Mall-style terrorist attack. This is despite the fact that Kenya is one of the top five global recipients of State Department antiterrorism funding.

In fiscal year 2013 a US-Kenyan law enforcement cooperation program known as the Diplomatic Security Antiterrorism Assistance program had a budget of $7.75 million, which is divided among multiple security services in Kenya and goes toward training and equipment.

The Anti-Terror Police Unit was formed in 2003 shortly after Al Qaeda in 2002 bombed an Israeli-owned hotel in Mombasa, killing more than a dozen people, while also nearly simultaneously attempting to bring down an Israeli plane taking off at Mombasa International Airport.

Those attacks took place four years after Al Qaeda orchestrated the bombing of US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 224 people, including a dozen Americans.

The proposed Ksh 15 billion CCTV cameras is coming at a time Kenya’s economy is likely to expand 5.8 percent in 2014 after below-target growth of 5.1 percent last year, the Ministry of Finance said on Wednesday.

The economy faces risks such as weak growth in advanced economies that could affect exports and tourism, as well as public spending pressures such as public sector wages and interest rate payments.

The budget deficit in the fiscal year starting in July is likely to be 5.9 percent of gross domestic product, down from 7.9 percent targeted in the current year to the end of June. Government spending in 2014/2015 is projected at 1.52 trillion shillings – or 32.9 percent of GDP – from a previously forecast 1.47 trillion shillings.

Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
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From: joachim omolo ouko
News Dispatch with Father Omolo Beste

Judy from Westlands, Nairobi writes: “Fr Beste you are a real journalist. Imagine I was not aware that Pope Francis appointed commission team to look into sex abuse by priests. Honestly I must admit that I am very ignorant. I didn’t even know that in USA there is a seminary for widowers and divorcees. Your news blog in an aye opener to many of us-please Beste continue with this noble apostolate.

Fr Beste, what do you think, with this commission can Pope allow priests to marry since sex abuse is becoming too much? I think this abuse can only stop when priests will be allowed to marry. They are human beings and need to be with wives like other men.”

Thank you for your sentiments Judy. Yes, Pope Francis in March this year appointed a team of 8 commissioners to confront an issue that has shaken the church for decades now. The team includes Marie Collins, who was sexually abused by a cleric in the 1960s and is a leading campaigner on the issue in Ireland.

Others are Boston Cardinal Sean O’Malley, who spearheaded that city’s response to the problem. Poland’s former prime minister, a prominent British psychologist and an expert in canon law. The panel has only advisory power and cannot dictate to the pope what he must do even though he has been speaking about reform in the Roman Catholic Church.

The sexual-abuse scandal has cost the church billions of dollars in settlements with victims and hurt church attendance, particularly in the U.S. and Ireland, where the largest number of cases have emerged. In many cases, priests found to have abused children were moved from parish to parish rather than turned over to civil authorities.

Last month, a United Nations committee issued a harsh report criticizing the Holy See for allowing such priests to escape punishment. It said that tens of thousands of children around the world had suffered sexual abuse by priests.

According to the Vatican, the new committee will only consider guidelines on disciplining priests who have abused children, training new clerics to prevent future cases and caring for the victims of abuse and has got nothing to do with allowing priests to marry. Pope Francis has made clear that the church must hold the protection of minors amongst her highest priorities.

Sheila Hollins, a professor of psychiatry in the U.K. who has studied the problem and has participated in church-sponsored panels on the questions of child abuse, is a member, as is Father Humberto Miguel Yanez, a Jesuit priest who is a longtime associate of Pope Francis in Argentina and is a prominent theologian there.

P. Hans Zollner, a German national who is a licensed psychologist and is vice rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome as well as Claudio Papale, an expert in canon law, are members, as is French child psychologist Catherine Bonnet. With the new group, the pope has made it clear that this issue is a priority for him.

Judy, I don’t think sex abuse by clergy should be reason for allowing priests to marry. You have heard cases where married pastors abuse women sexually. Engaging in sex abuse is because somebody goes out and does it. It’s far more subtle than that. The seeds of adultery or fornication are planted in the mind of individuals.

That is why it did not matter whether you are married or not. People have affairs with married women or children because they have allowed themselves to consider it that way. That’s all. Some do it because they are addicted to sex.

They are in the state of behavior outside the boundaries of social norms which reduces an individual’s ability to function efficiently in general routine aspects of life or develop healthy relationships.

Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
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Writes Leo Odera Omolo In Kisumu CITY.

MEMBERS of the Kisumu County Assembly carried a heated debate earlier this week about the upsurge insecurity in the region.

They were debating on the report compiled and tabled by a special committee on security. The report mapped out ten security hotspots within the county.

The ten areas described as the most dangerous hotspot where the insecurity is so rampant. These areas included Sondu, Kondele, Aqasi, Ahero, Manyatta, Nyalenda,,Pandpieri,Otonglo,Milimani, KACHO junction, KIbuye and the Central Business district {CBD] and suggested that close Circuit television cameras be installed as well as street lights.

The report revealed that rape and sexual attacks are also rampant within Kisumu County,However, the report fell short of mentioning the rampant unemployment which is the major contributing factor to the state of insecurity in the region and how it could be solved.

The MCAs report also failed to mention the filthiness with which Kisumu is currently grappling with. In many part of the lakeside city refuse collection is something of the past. Heaps of waste papers and refuse littered all over the city centre in some places giving out stinking while discharging bad.odour.

The report failed to mention that ever since the County government took over the administration of Kisumu City from the former Municipal Council, the refuse collection, regular outbursts of sewerage lines, some of them at times passes through the residential estates are so common.

At the main bus terminal stinking refuse are littered everywhere.

As for security, there are several places within the City centre which have since been classified by the residents as no go areas

Despite the thorough checks at the three major gates leading into, the Tusky Mall, These checks are only good in preventing terrorists m but not the bands of pick-pockets and muggers targeting those leaving the Mall through the Tuk Tuk gate. one gate which is close to the Simba Club and overlooking the main Kondele road has become the most dangerous spot. Bands of youths masquerading as touts for the Tuk uk taxis, which are parked outside that particular gate and the motorbikes boda boda taxis parked at this particular gate fleeces the pockets of customers leaving the facility.

Those MCAs who contributed on the report of th county’s special Committee also raised the issue of the alarming increases in the incident of cattle rustling along the Kisumu Nandi County and Kisumu Kericho County. The Kisumu MCAs would arrange for the joint meeting to harmonize relations with the neighboring Counties and workout the modalities on how to stamp out the menace f cattle rustling in the region. with their Nandi and Kericho counterparts.

During the debate on the security report, Nyalenda Ward representative James Were said his ward ought to have been included in the report because thiis in areas where nine people have been stabbed and wounded within the last one week. Were further alleged that some of the village elders in his ward are colluding with criminal elements. These elders are the same people who are known to be alerting the thugs about the impending raids by the police giving them room to escape police dragnet

Another MCA cited the traffic snarl on Kondele road during busy hours as something which is contributing to day .

Another MCA attributed the insecurity in Muhoroni sub-County as caused by the landless squatters and pleaded with the County government to ensure there are no landless people anywhere in the region.

The report further revealed the rampant cases of rape and sexual attacks. She urgent the MCAs to ensure that the Sexual offence Act is reinforced to the letter within the county in order to reduce the menace.

Ape cases in the recent past have gone bringing to question the effectiveness of the gender k report desk at kisumu police Station ad at the Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Hospital.

The report did not mention anything to do with the alleged existence in Kisumu if a hit squad, the gun men who have recenttly imposed dawn to dusk curfew on Kisumu City residents. The gun totting hit squad gangs is frequenting bar and restaurants and all popular eating houses. They are involved in carjacking and even in some cases have shot the motorists to death. Stolen motor vehicles are hardly recovered, and nearly all the public joins in the town have had a visit by the gun totting hit squad.



From: joachim omolo ouko
News Dispatch with Father Omolo Beste
SATURDAY, MAY 10, 2014

Brian from Vihiga, Kenya writes: Dear Fr Omolo, thank you for your inspiring and informative articles, especially your homilies which I like reading very much. It is good you send them on Saturdays so I go to Church well informed.

My problem Father is with Anglo Leasing scandals. Honestly I don’t understand it. Can you give me its background and if possible people who were implicated. I heard Waweru Mburu of Citizen Radio with his yalio tendeka program saying even President Uhuru knows about it very well, Kibaki, Prime Minister Raila Odinga, Francis Muthaura and many others currently in this government.

Surely Father, if they know it is a scandal why do they push for illegal payment? Don’t you think as Waweru Mburu fearlessly says that this is just another way of stealing money from taxpayers? Mburu says these cartels are in Uk to be paid money, only to share it back to individual and powerful Kenyans in this government. Surely let us pray for Kenya.”

I can understand your sentiments Brian. This is the concern of Kenyans that this money must not be paid because it will add burden on them. The scandal is alleged to have started when the Kenyan government wanted to replace its passport printing system, in the year 1997, but came to light after revelation by Permanent Secretary for Governance and Ethics John Githongo on January 22, 2006 when he named Vice-President Moody Awori as one of four top politicians in Kibaki government involved in the scandals.

Others he named were Kiraitu Murungi, Energy Minister; Finance Minister David Mwiraria and Chris Murungaru as being involved in scams worth $600m – known as the Anglo Leasing scandal. He also claimed that President Kibaki was complicit in the affair.

Githongo claimed that the money raised would have funded the government’s forthcoming election campaign which was due in December 2007. Although these allegations were denied by Awori and Murungaru, the promise by Kibaki government that they would investigate the matter was never done.

This was an indication that actually Githongo was right to say that the money was meant to rig 2007 general elections in Kibaki’s favor. It was alleged that part of this money was used to mobilize, coordinate, finance and provide logistical support for the Mungiki during the Post Election Violence (PEV).

The key preparatory meetings include those held in Nairobi on or about 30 December 2007 (at the State House), on or about 3 January 2008 (at the Nairobi Club) and in early, mid and late January 2008. It was also alleged that there preparatory meetings in Central Province on or about 31 December 2007, in Nakuru in early to mid January 2008 and in Naivasha in late January 2008. Francis Muthaura’s name features because it was alleged that he was the chief organizer.

It was alleged that the attacks entailed a high level of coordination between different Mungiki groups as well as between local and non-resident Mungiki members and pro-PNU youth. The attacks involved the distribution of weapons to direct perpetrators; transportation of foreign Mungiki and pro-PNU youth from Central Province and Nairobi to the Rift Valley; identification of perceived ODM supporters by local pro-PNU youth; and perpetration of acts of violence by groups of attackers moving together.

Since the electoral system in Kenya is based on constituencies whose boundaries are congruent with the boundaries of tribal areas, is one of the reasons why a lot of money is needed towards general elections. Former President Moi used to do exactly that.

Moi exploited the Kenyan diversity and politicised ethnicity to levels where he could instigate clashes in districts and provinces with mixed groups, a practice he perfected in the 90’s in order to discredit the onset of multiparty democracy in Kenya.

Politically motivated ethnic clashes were used to disrupt and displace populations and groups that supported the opposition (mainly the Kikuyu in Rift Valley, Luo in the slums of Nairobi and Mombasa). He also used divide and rule tactics, pitting on group against another and at times bought politician through patronage in order to have more support in parliament. These tactics ensured that that the opposition lost the elections of 1992 and 1997.

Such tacticts was also seen in 2005 when people’s disgust with Kibaki’s regime was expressed at the 2005 referendum in which the Wako Draft (a diluted version of the Boma’s draft, which was a constitutional product of a people led process) was defeated. Seven provinces made up of diverse ethnic groups voted for “NO” while the Yes vote was only represented by central province. It could explain why, even though John Githongo told President Mwai Kibaki about the corruption that involved Anglo Leasing, but the president failed to act.

Githongo said he made the tape secretly during a meeting with Kiraitu Murungi, who was Kenya’s justice minister at the time of the meeting. Kiraitu was later removed from Justice Ministry to Energy Minister.

On the tape heard by the BBC, the minister was heard telling Githongo that the loan was owed to a businessman with links to powerful politicians and that if he went slowly on his investigation the businessman would also go slow. These powerful politicians form part of cartels of corruption in Kenya.

Mr Githongo says government money was being paid to companies that did not exist or to others which were massively overpricing their contracts. He believed the finance was being given to business figures close to the government, who were then re-directing some of it back to the ruling elite for political campaigning.

These individual but powerful Kenyans used Deepak Kamani to achieve this goal-Deepak Kamani is the son of Chamanlal Kamani and brother to Rashmi Chamanlal Kamani and Sudha Ruperell. Deepak Kamani is involved in the Kamani family businesses of Kenya, including the flagship company Kamsons.

In 2006, he and his brother Rashmi had a bounty of Sh100, 000 placed on their heads by the anti-corruption detectives. They were wanted for questioning about the Anglo Leasing. After being captured, he was released, without further problems. He later filed a lawsuit against Star newspaper for character assassination for running a story that he owned Sh 3.8 billion to the Kenyan taxpayers. This tells a lot of type of the government Kenya has.

Since David Mwiraria was accused of warning off investigations into Anglo Leasing, it can explain clearly why Deepak Kamani and his brother Rashmi were captured but later released without further problems.

Again, since the multimillion dollar “Anglo Leasing” corruption scam involved contracts for a company that existed in name only, is a reason to conclude that Mr Mwiraria, who was one of President Mwai Kibaki’s key allies, warned the Anglo Leasing deals could not be investigated.

Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
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From: joachim omolo ouko
News Dispatch with Father Omolo Beste

Maurine from Sagana, Kenya writes: “Fr Beste thank you for your moving article on illicit brews that continue to kill many Kenyans. Now I am just wondering, do you think the move by Embu County Commissioner Amos Gathecha to fire Embu Municipality Chief Titus Mugambi and his assistant Catherine Wanja during a visit to Shauri Yako slums where the illicit brew was being sold is going to solve the problem of illicit brews in Kenya?”

Thank you for this important question Maurine. The problem with illicit brews is not with the chiefs, so firing them won’t help anything. Early this Kirinyaga county government set aside Sh1.5 million to combat the consumption of illicit brews in the area, since then nothing has improved.

County Commissioner Joseph Keter said the security team would spend the money to map out illicit brew dens and crackdown on brewers and consumers. He declared a major operation to weed out illicit brewing and consumption dens which he said had retarded development in the county.

He said the operation would be intensive and thorough. The operation was to target more than 300 brewers who he described as “notorious” in brewing and selling illicit alcohol in the area. He said illicit brews are selling like hot cake in the area because sellers collude with chiefs and their assistants.

There are several reasons why Kenyans drink illicit and deadly brews. The major one is to do with grave dangers of unemployment in the country, leading to higher poverty levels. Some Kenyans desperately look for cheap source of livelihood including brewing and consumption of the deadly liquor.

Economic conditions and the increasing sense of hopelessness is making people take recourse to cheap brews. Sellers of brews take opportunity of this condition to make money and they can do whatever they can to make their business go on. That is why they are able to bribe government agency that looks after the food and drink beverages.

The story by Meja Mwangi, Kill Me Quick gives an overview how unemployment in Kenya is a crisis. The story depicts two young boys who move to the city after obtaining their secondary school diplomas. They hope to find jobs in order to support their families back home.

Initially unsuccessful, the pair live in dumpsters, eating rotten fruit and stale cakes, unable to return home as failures. Eventually, they obtain jobs at a farm working for a very rich family. Mania causes problems in the house while blaming Meja, who suffers the consequences.

Meja is put on half rations, moved from job to job, and then has his rations almost completely revoked. After Mania’s biggest episode, the pair loses their jobs. Mania and Meja split after Mania steals from a store and gets Meja in trouble.

Meja flees home only to return to the city and work in a coal mine. Mania joins a gang in “shanty land,” lead by a boy named Razor who claims they went to school together. Here, Mania attempts to run a scheme selling milk to clients in the area, which he has stolen from the rich neighborhood. Eventually, he is caught. The pair meets up again in prison, but soon go their separate ways. Meja continues to go in and out of prison, and Mania ends up on trial for murder.

Women are depicted as objects for sexual pleasure, or as Nici Nelson puts it, only there as “screws for the main characters. This is because of unemployment and poverty. Sara, Razor’s girlfriend, is there for the sole purpose of allowing him to obtain pleasure in front of his gang. Mania’s girlfriend Dehliah is mentioned briefly, and she works as a “barmaid,” also known as a prostitute.

Against the background that Kitengela town is reeling from the shock of a man alleged to have been teaching children to perform various sexual acts for pornography industries. He teaches children sexual acts, including oral and anal sex for little pay, which I believe they take home to their parents for their survivals.

That is also why, even after the Teachers’ Service Commission dismissed 600 teachers over allegations of sexual abuse in our primary and secondary schools, pupils still engage in sex, getting pregnant every term.

In Nyanza where poverty is said to be a major problem, cases of sexual abuse have been on the rise, with 15 cases been reported in Migori, Rongo, Rachuonyo, Kuria and Nyatike districts. These areas due to poverty men target pupils for sex, luring them with as little as Ksh 20 to buy mandazi (pan cake). These children are hungry.

Fr Joachim Omolo Ouko, AJ
Tel +254 7350 14559/+254 722 623 578
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South Sudan: New Army General Chief of Staff Paul Malong Awan ordered government troops to kill unarmed Nuer trainees in Western Barh El Ghazel

From: South Sudan Press
April 27, 2014
For Immediate Release
Press release No. 2

South Sudan New Army General Chief of staff Paul Malong Awan and president Salva Kiir Mayardit ordered the killings of 220 unarmed trainees’ who mostly Nuer tribe in Military Training Centre at Mapel, Western Bahr El Ghazel, South Sudan in April 25, 2014.

April 27, 2014. The office SPLM/SPLA Nebraska Chapter is strongly condemns the unjustified killings of unarmed trainees mostly Nuer tribe and others are being hunt down in the bush where they went for hiding. These horrific killings of particularly tribe who are evenly still sighting with the government signified that Salva Kiir Mayardit himself has a president of South Sudan is exercising the tribal war in South Sudan.

The families of those trainees who were gunned down at the military training center were resided in Wau town. Other students from Nuer tribe studied at Bahr El Ghazel University after they heard their love ones were murdered by government troops wanted to enter to UNMISS compound for their safety, but were denied access by the local authorities in Wau, South Sudan.

The office of SPLM/SPLA Nebraska Chapter/USA like to inform Human Right Activities, UN personnel, and International Red Cross to quickly take an action to rescue those vulnerable Nuer civilians who are resided in Wau, and other cities in Greater Barh El Ghazel Region and take them to their birth towns where their lives would be less danger. The Government of South Sudan has become a tribal government and security is out of control people who are resided outside of their birth places their lives are in risk at anywhere in the country especially Nuer tribe.

Keak Lam Kierkok
Head of Communication of SPLM/SPLA Nebraska Chapter/USA